A Political Theory of Territory by Margaret Moore

By Margaret Moore

Our international is at present divided into territorial states that face up to all makes an attempt to alter their borders. yet what entitles a nation, or the folk it represents, to imagine monopoly regulate over a specific piece of the Earth's floor? Why are they allowed to avoid others from getting into? What if or extra states, or or extra teams of individuals, declare an identical piece of land?

Political philosophy, which has had greatly to claim concerning the dating among country and citizen, has principally missed those questions on territory. This ebook offers solutions. It justifies the assumption of territory itself when it comes to the ethical worth of political self-determination; it additionally justifies, inside limits, these parts that we ordinarily go along with territorial rights: rights of jurisdiction, rights over assets, correct to regulate borders and so forth. The e-book bargains normative assistance over a couple of very important concerns dealing with us this present day, all of which contain territory and territorial rights, yet that are at present handled via advert hoc reasoning: disputes over assets; disputes over barriers, oceans, unoccupied islands, and the frozen Arctic; disputes rooted in old injustices in regards to land; secessionist conflicts; and irredentist conflicts. In a global within which there's endured strain on borders and keep watch over over assets, from potential migrants and from the determined negative, and no coherent idea of territory to imagine via those difficulties, this ebook bargains an unique, systematic, and complicated thought of why territory concerns, who has rights over territory, and the scope and bounds of those rights.

"This is a well-written, well-argued ebook on a very very important and until eventually lately ignored subject. Moore is impressively a professional of the entire proper philosophical literature and does an exceptional activity ordinarily of distinguishing her view from these of others resembling Miller, Waldron, Kolers, Meisels, and 9. Moore succeeds in staking out a brand new, but very believable position-one that avoids the deficiencies of rival theories."-Allen Buchanan, James B. Duke Professor, Duke collage

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This sense of the term appeals to an assessment of the probability of bringing about a state of affairs or set of institutions or practices, and some proposals are described as infeasible if the probability of getting institutional recognition of these rights is very low. We often employ this scalar sense of the concept when we speak of policies or practices or institutions as more or less feasible. Some of the institutional proposals advanced in this book are feasible in the first sense but not in the second.

Imagine, for example, a case where a daughter inherits an estate and then marries; under the sexist rules of the time, the estate becomes part of her husband’s properties, along with any other estates he might have. But it would often be the case that the different estates would be run somewhat separately and were often subject to distinct kinds of limitations; each estate might have certain tenants enjoying historic rights and privileges. If we think of territory as the property of the state or the sovereign, there are no conceptual resources to consider the wishes and well-being of the people who live on the territory.

I have already hinted at one—in the attitude that states and state officials take to unoccupied land or the seabed, which is typically viewed in instrumental terms, as a means of enrichment, or as a kind of property. It also follows from the view of territorial jurisdictions as analogous to property, held by the sovereign authority, that territory can be purchased. This was unusual, since territorial expansion was almost always regarded as a benefit to the state, and a measure of its power and importance.

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