A Vision for the National Weather Service: Road Map for the by National Research Council, National Weather Service,

By National Research Council, National Weather Service, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee, Panel on the Road Map for the Future

Panel at the highway Map for the longer term, nationwide climate carrier Modernization Committee, fee on Engineering and Technical platforms, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide climate provider, nationwide study Council

In this examine, the committee explores methods the nationwide climate carrier (NWS) can benefit from carrying on with advances in technological know-how and expertise to fulfill the demanding situations of the longer term. The predictions are interested in the objective yr 2025. simply because particular predictions concerning the kingdom of technological know-how and know-how or the NWS greater than 25 years sooner or later aren't completely exact, the aim of this file is to spot and spotlight traits which are probably to steer swap. The Panel at the highway Map for the long run nationwide climate carrier built an positive imaginative and prescient for 2025 in line with advances in technology and know-how.

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Extra resources for A Vision for the National Weather Service: Road Map for the Future

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It is possible that, before 2025, the rawinsonde observations will be replaced 20 21 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOX 2-1 Forecast Accuracy and Skill Many elements of a forecast contribute to the overall perception of its accuracy. Meteorologists refer to an objectively measurable element (or sometimes a combination of elements) of a forecast as a skill. Thus, forecasts can be compared quantitatively on the basis of their skill scores or measures of skill. A set of skill scores may be used to approximate the overall or general accuracy of a forecast.

The more routine observations of the vertical profile of horizontal wind and its changes with time have also proven to be of great value for forecasting, particularly for aviation forecasts and NWP models. Measurements of precipitation by properly calibrated radar have many hydrometeorological purposes. Although many of the existing algorithms for measuring rainfall by radar can be improved, present methods already provide values for areal accumulations that could otherwise be provided only by expensive, dense networks of gauges (networks this dense are available at only a few experimental sites).

Whenever possible, the data will be made available free of charge or at minimum cost to the broadest possible cross section of society. 3. The NWS will continue to be responsible for maintaining, developing, and operating a suite of analytical and predictive models and the supercomputers required to run them. 4. The boundaries between climate prediction and weather prediction will blur and eventually disappear. Certain climate forecasting responsibilities will become increasingly important functions of 1 In this report, the terms “weather” and “climate” include the relevant aspects of related disciplines, especially hydrology and oceanography.

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