American foreign policy : alliance politics in a century of by James W. Peterson

By James W. Peterson

The textual content goals to discover the roots of the USA' close to perpetual involvement in warfare because the starting of WWI in 1914. utilizing alliance politics because the major framework of study, it deals a brand new interpretation that contrasts with the conventional perspectives that struggle is an interruption of the yank overseas coverage emphasis on international relations. in its place, it posits that conflict has been the norm in past times century whereas peaceable interludes have been yet a time of respite and instruction for the following clash.

After a radical dialogue of the options of alliance construction and the containment doctrine, the paintings then addresses such topics because the alliance networks used to confront German and eastern powers throughout the early twentieth century wars, the function of alliances in containing the Soviet Union in the course of the chilly struggle, the construction of alliances to limit and defeat rogue kingdom powers, and whether or not they have been beneficial whilst facing the demanding situations posed by means of terrorism within the post-9/11 international.

Each bankruptcy beneficial properties case stories, a precis, references, and internet hyperlinks. furthermore, the booklet makes use of fundamental resources, comparable to U.S. division of safety and country records and presidential statements. An exhaustive examine of containment and alliance, this article is going to be a necessary source for somebody learning U.S. international coverage, diplomacy, and nationwide security.

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While many observers earlier concluded that it was the personality of leaders like Hitler and Mussolini that was responsible for the coming of war in the late 1930s, later scholars pointed to systemic factors that had primary responsibility for the war. The balance of power before, during, and through the war among status quo and revisionist states may have more explanatory power than theories that focus on leadership personality variables (Schweller 1993, 73–74). In light of the power of such factors, those who hoped that American engagement in war would end with the Nazi defeat would be eventually as disappointed as their counterparts one generation earlier were.

However, a decade later only Czechoslovakia had preserved the essence of that new democratic tradition. Similarly, the democratic experiment of the Weimar Republic in Germany led to a political system beleaguered by too frequent changes of government and thereby became vulnerable to a new era of authoritarianism or, more probably this time, totalitarianism. Thus, it was no surprise that the League of Nations lacked a center of action with any kind of meaningful bureaucratic 40 American Foreign Policy force.

Preoccupation of the western alliance with such issues was draining in terms of time and energy but also unfulfilling in terms of short-run accomplishments. “Attributional distance” also weakened the western alliance, for the Russian/ Soviet factor continually tugged and tore the threads that made up the fabric of the alliance. In the case of the first war, the Russian pullout from the alliance after the Bolshevik Revolution created havoc on the eastern front. Important World War II and American Internationalism, 1931–1945 39 allied components such as the Czech Legion became caught up in the ensuing Russian Civil War and shifted their focus to getting out of Russia rather than defeating a common enemy.

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