By Kirk W Madison, Kai Bongs, Visit Amazon's Lincoln D Carr Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lincoln D Carr, , Ana Maria Rey, Hui Zhai

The purpose of this e-book is to include assessment articles describing the most recent theoretical and experimental advancements within the box of chilly atoms and molecules. Our wish is this sequence will advertise examine by way of either highlighting fresh breakthroughs and by way of outlining the most promising learn instructions within the field.

Readership: examine scientists together with graduate scholars and higher point undergraduate scholars.

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64 is in-between the appearance of bound states in 2D, we still observe that the p-wave cross section in K-KLi scattering dominates at a collision energy comparable to εb . On the other hand, the scattering length increases monotonically with mass ratio. 58 In such a mixture, the energy shift of an atom due to the interaction with dimers is proportional to the real part of the atom–dimer scattering amplitude, and may be directly accessed by radiofrequency spectroscopy. Turning now to trimers, in Fig.

Pseudogap The pseudogap regime is often synonymous with “pairing above Tc ” in the cold-atom literature. However, such a scenario is trivially achieved in a classical gas of diatomic molecules, where the gap in the spectrum corresponds to the dimer binding energy. 83 Indeed, it is not a priori obvious that such a phenomenon can be replicated with an attractive Fermi gas: a large attraction will surely lead to a pronounced pairing gap above Tc , but it will also destroy the Fermi surface. It is therefore reasonable to assume that any pseudogap regime must have µ > 0 in addition to pairing, as schematically depicted in Fig.

Virial expansion In the following, we outline the basic idea of the virial expansion, as applied to the uniform 2D Fermi gas. Working in the grand canonical ensemble, we define the virial coefficients b j such that the grand potential (T, µ) is given by: = −2T λ−2 bj z j, (68) j ≥1 √ where the thermal wavelength λ = 2π/mT , the fugacity z = eβµ , and β ≡ 1/T . In the high-temperature limit, the thermodynamics of the system can be accurately described by just the first few terms in the above power series.