Anxiety and Phobic Disorders: A Pragmatic Approach by Wendy K. Silverman

By Wendy K. Silverman

For decades, anxiousness and phobie issues ofchildhoodand formative years have been missed by way of clinicians and researchers alike. They have been considered as mostly benign, as difficulties that have been really light, age-specific, and transitory. With time, it was once idea, they'd easily disappear or "go away"-that the kid or adolescent might magically "outgrow" them with improvement and they wouldn't adversely impact the starting to be baby or adolescent. for this reason ofsuch pondering, it was once concluded that those "internalizing" difficulties weren't helpful or deserving of our concerted and cautious attention-that different difficulties of formative years and early life and, specifically, "externalizing" difficulties corresponding to behavior disturbance, oppositional defiance, and attention-deficit difficulties de­ manded our expert energies and assets. those assumptions and asser­ tions were challenged vigorously in recent times. Scholarly books (King, Hamilton, & Ollendick, 1988; Morris & Kratochwill, 1983) have documented the substantial misery and distress linked to those issues, whereas stories ofthe literature have tested that those problems are whatever yet transitory; for an important variety of early life those difficulties persist into overdue early life and maturity (Ollendick & King, 1994). basically, such findings sign the necessity for therapy courses that "work"--programs which are powerful within the brief time period and efficacious over the lengthy haul, generating results which are sturdy and generalizable, as weil as results that improve the lifestyles functioning of kids and young people and the households that evince such problems.

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Identifying Anxiety Symptoms and Behaviors - - - - - - - - - - - - In the next example, in which you work in a child inpatient clinie, your goal is to identify anxiety symptoms and behaviors early on in the patients, so that they do not catch you by surprise and interfere with the children's treatment. There are generally two best methods of identifying problematic child anxiety symptoms and behaviors. Both methods are feasible to use in this setting. One method is the use of one of the child anxiety self-rating scales, discussed earlier under Screening.

The discussion specifically focuses on how the DSM is used for making diagnoses for children with anxiety and phobie disorders. The chapter ends with a discussion ofthe best method for making DSM-IV diagnoses in children. CLASSIFICATlON OF CHILD PROBLEM BEHAVIORS The c1assification of child problem behaviors has received its share of criticism, particularly with respect to its utility. , in clinical settings classification is done mostly for administrative reasons rather than for therapeutic purposes (Ross, 1980).

Children are not afraid as long as they have their parents nearby), parents are not present in the room during our conducting ofthe BAT. We then assess either the amount oftime that they can participate in the task (for a maximum of5 minutes, at which time we stop), or the amount of distance that they can walk toward the object. 1). 29 Chapter 2 30 INSTRUCTIONS FOR BEHAVIORAL AVOIDANCE TEST (BAT) Remember I told you that when people are afraid or anxious of certain things they usually try to stay away from what makes them feel afraid or anxious?

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