By Robert D. Hoge
Our society's preoccupation with crime and worry of crime seems to have shifted its concentration to the juvenile criminal. either digital and print media consistently warn us that juvenile offenders are more and more more youthful and extra virulent. The demographics of our inhabitants recommend that there'll in basic terms be extra juvenile offenders to worry within the close to destiny. All of those issues come up in a social weather that's characterised via an ever expanding call for for more desirable retributive measures opposed to the criminal. the assumption that in basic terms harsh justice will safeguard us from the ravages of juveniles has develop into dominant. more and more, perceptions and politics, instead of clinical info, dominate coverage making in regards to younger offenders. In Assessing the younger criminal: concerns and strategies, Robert D. Hoge and D. A. Andrews make a constrained, rational, and eventually persuasive argu ment for using standardized mental exams within the potent administration of stripling inside of juvenile justice structures. They make clear how what we already find out about the reason and administration of younger illegal activity may be integrated into standardized trying out and that the knowledge got from checking out can increase the management of legal justice. in addition, this informa tion turns out to be useful regardless of the theoretical biases of these who administer the justice process. The potency of guidelines of both retribution, deterrence, or rehabilitation is simply better by means of reliance on data.
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Extra info for Assessing the Youthful Offender: Issues and Techniques
One's reaction to this possibility depends, in part of course, on one's view of mental health professionals. It also depends, however, on the model of youth justice operating within a system. For example, those systems embracing a just deserts orientation typically assign a small role to mental health providers in the processing of the youthful offender, while advocates of the corporatism model might favor an expansion of their role. In any case, this sometimes represents a point of controversy when the issue of psychological assessments is raised.
The central thesis of this volume is that the use of standardized psychological measures and systematic assessment procedures can play an important role in addressing these problems and in improving decision processes within the juvenile justice system. We tum next to a discussion of these points. D Chapter 3 The Role of Psychological Assessments In the Juvenile Justice Decision Process The focus of this volume is on the assessment process as it operates within the juvenile justice system. This process refers to the collection of data about the client and the translation of those data into a judgment or inference.
There are also two types of misses: false positives (predict positive outcome but obtain negative) and false negatives (predict negative outcome but obtain positive). Part B of the table presents an example of the use of a contingency table based on hypothetical data. In this case we are forming two predictions of future recidivism for a sample of youthful offenders based on a battery of assessment tools: Scores on that battery place 158 of the 343 youth in the sample in the highrisk group and the remaining 185 in a low-risk group.