Capital Markets and Non-bank Financial Institutions in by Michel Noel, Ramin Shojai

By Michel Noel, Ramin Shojai

"Capital Markets and Non-bank monetary associations in Romania is a part of the area financial institution operating Paper sequence. those papers are released to speak the result of the Bank?s ongoing examine and to stimulate public discussion.With simply 3 years closing sooner than becoming a member of the eu Union, Romania is operating not easy to enhance its capital markets and non-bank monetary associations, which stay much less constructed than these in different accession nations. Strengthening those sectors has develop into a best precedence for policymakers, whose basic aim is to make sure that the economic system is satisfactorily built to serve the turning out to be calls for of the Romanian economy.During 2003 and 2004, the Romanian experts made major efforts to draft, undertake, and enact new laws to align Romania with ecu monetary directives. regardless of those efforts, notwithstanding, demanding situations stay within the zone of supervisory means and the implementation of legislation and regulations.This learn assesses key matters and suggestions for improvement, and experiences the explicit adjustments that are precious in 4 components: structural reforms, marketplace associations, and infrastructure; accounting, transparency, and disclosure; industry infrastructure; and credits enhancements."

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1 Notes: Figures for loans are to enterprises, households, banks and NBFIs, but do not include purchases of government securities; NPL/Loan figures for 1998–99 are derived; deposits do not include government deposits; bank capital figures are capital accounts plus other items net from IFS. Sources: IFS; NBR; EBRD; authors’ calculations. 9 percent of assets. Such trends may slow down in the future as a result of increasing risk in the banking system. Solvency ratios declined in 2003, and risk ratios have also increased.

03% Notes: Issues are new issues each year; market value = face value, not traded value; listed and traded are considered the same year, even though several listed municipal bonds in 2002–03 commenced trading the following year; government securities include T-bills, bonds, and state-guaranteed Eurobonds. Sources: BVB; WDI; authors’ calculations. Table 22. 03 million Generally two to three years, although Deva has 4+ years, and Predeal has 3+ years Range: ROL 100,000-ROL 2 million, or $3–$60 Range: four to 12 Generally [(BUBID+BUBOR)/2]+1–2%, although there is one fixed price municipal bond (Arad, at 14 percent), Cluj is linked to a reference rate, and Predeal is 3 percent above the average of BUBID+BUBOR Most rates are set on a trimester basis, although five (Slobozia, Predeal twice, Tirgu Mures and Cluj) have been each semester, Arad is completely fixed Sources: CNVM.

However, the issue sold out so quickly that the SIFs were too late in purchasing the bonds. Individual investor demand was a function of the high coupon rate (42 percent annualized), and the small principal amount of each bond (principal was ROL 25,000, less than one US dollar). 6 percent in terms of capital. In 2003, all insurance indicators witnessed high growth. 4 percent. Underwriting performance shows that the insurance sector is profitable and growing, and loss ratios are low. However, low loss ratios have more to do with limited claims and enforcement, than with sophisticated risk management.

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