Children with Down Syndrome: A Developmental Perspective by Dante Cicchetti, Marjorie Beeghly

By Dante Cicchetti, Marjorie Beeghly

The underlying subject of this e-book is that kids with Down syndrome, regardless of their constitutional anomalies and their extra clinical difficulties, should be understood from a normative developmental framework. The contributions, all of that are in line with the most recent theories and study, reveal that the appliance of a developmental viewpoint to the research of childrens with Down syndrome sheds mild at the universality of ontogenetic sequences, phases, and constructions, and highlights the respective roles of organic, perceptual-cognitive, linguistic, social, and emotional components within the developmental approach. eventually, it really is proven that the applying of a developmental standpoint will recommend age and stage-appropriate interventions for Down syndrome youngsters and their households. it will be an appropriate publication for psychologists, psychiatrists, specific schooling lecturers, pediatricians, and different clinical researchers attracted to Down syndrome and psychological retardation, in addition to graduate scholars in those parts.

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But given the developmentalist's interest in the organism's Umwelt and in the transactional model, such ecological research is rapidly becoming common in developmental psychology. The resultant, expanded developmental perspective is one that retains the classic view of the child's development while further elucidating unexamined and underemphasized areas. This expanded developmental theory is characterized by a focus on the "whole child" and on the effects of a changing and multifaceted environment, previously neglected areas that add to and strengthen developmental work.

There are not enough studies employing etiology of retardation as an independent variable to test differentially the "similar reaction" hypothesis for organically retarded versus familial retarded children. Applying the Developmental Perspective to Down Syndrome Individuals First described in 1867, Down syndrome may be the most investigated of all types of mental retardation. Because of its early identification and relatively high incidence, it has been the subject of much research employing the Down syndrome population.

As Zigler noted, "I have asserted that the same principles of cognitive development apply throughout the normal range of intelligence with the familial retarded representing the lowest end of this distribution" (p. 553). 1. Children of three IQ levels (IQ = 66; 100; and 150) are shown developing across Piagetian, or some other, sequence of devel- Page 8 opmental stages. Children of higher intellect proceed at a faster pace and asymptote at a higher level, but the successive stages are identical.

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