Civil Gang Abatement: The Effectiveness and Implications of by Edward L. Allan

By Edward L. Allan

Civil gang abatement is an cutting edge therapy utilising civil injunctions to strive against public nuisance job via gangs. This approach has been promoted as a problem-oriented reaction to gang difficulties. Allan examines even if the method of buying a "gang injunction" comprises the first dimensions of problem-oriented responses: flexibility and neighborhood involvement. Flexibility is obvious within the even distribution of projects between 3 different types: high-drug, high-crime, and high-disorder. facts of neighborhood involvement is susceptible, as a result of loss of group corporations in gang-plagued neighborhoods, the low-profile nature of the tasks, and the possibility of retaliation opposed to members. even supposing the expectancy for neighborhood involvement in gang injunction tasks may be tempered, civil gang abatement is a suitable method of local gang difficulties.

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Extra info for Civil Gang Abatement: The Effectiveness and Implications of Policing by Injunction (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).)

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Because the proliferation of gangs, the escalation of violence, and the 'crack cocaine' epidemic occurred at the same time in many of the same neighborhoods, gangs are also presumed to be heavily involved in the distribution of crack and the increase in violent drug-turf wars. Although gang-related violence and drug-related violence are normally two separate phenomena (Maxson 1995), the police and the media have projected this interrelationship to the public, implying that a crisis exists on both the national and regional levels (Moore 1993; Howell and Decker 1999).

A multilateral approach, which involves other agencies and community entities with an interest in ameliorating the underlying causes of the problem, is the other central feature of the model (Goldstein 1990: 21). In contrast to a response formulated unilaterally by law enforcement agencies, collaboration between various public agencies, private organizations, and individual stakeholders increases the likelihood of a permanent and more effective response. Collaboration also legitimizes the selected response in the eyes of the community, especially in low-income neighborhoods where both pervasive disorder and distrust of the police and of government interference prevail.

Common suppression strategies against gangs are inherently stereotypical and inflexible because of their reliance on the criminal law. A criminal statute prohibits all activities falling within its scope, applies equally to all citizens and at all locations, and necessitates a showing of individual culpability. Response alternatives under criminal statutes are limited to the arrest and prosecution of a violator, allowing little flexibility for formulating the best possible response to individuated circumstances.

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