By Jennie Ponsford Phd
Written through prime specialists within the box, this beneficial textual content situates the perform of cognitive and behavioral rehabilitation within the most recent study from neurobiology and cognitive neuroscience. preliminary chapters assessment present findings on neuronal damage, plasticity, and restoration. the quantity subsequent examines the neurobiology of middle cognitive domains--attention, reminiscence, language, visuospatial knowledge, and govt functioning--focusing at the approaches underpinning either fit and impaired functioning. Highlighting the sensible functions of the study, authors describe on hand interventions in every one area and set forth transparent concepts for medical perform. additionally addressed are how you can comprehend and deal with tough behaviors, resembling aggression, which may emerge in brain-injured folks. The concluding bankruptcy presents total ideas for aiding humans get over the 2 most typical types of bought neurological incapacity: stressful mind damage and stroke.
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Extra resources for Cognitive and Behavioral Rehabilitation: From Neurobiology to Clinical Practice (The Science and Practice of Neuropsychology)
James, D. , & Schallert, T. (1996). Use-dependent exaggeration of neuronal injury after unilateral sensorimotor cortex lesions. Journal of Neuroscience, 16(15), 4776–4786. , & Steward, O. (1977). Behavioral correlates of denervation and reinnervation of the hippocampal formation of the rat: Recovery of alternation performance following unilateral cortex lesions. Brain Research Bulletin, 2, 31–39. Merill, E. , & Wall, P. D. (1978). Plasticity of connection in the adult nervous system. In C. W.
One mechanism for influencing genetic expression is through the production of immediate early genes. , Dragunow, Currie, Faull, Robertson, & Jansen, 1989). These genes are virtually unexpressed in quiet conditions but can be activated by a wide range of sensory stimuli and behaviors. Thus, within an hour or so of some particular experience there can be genetic changes that can influence protein production in neurons. Hence, it appears that experience can modify behavior through changes in gene expression.
Normally the cells in the thalamus degenerate after their cortical targets are removed, but Cowey and Stoerig (1989) were able to show that some cells remained in the lateral geniculate nucleus. These cells survived because they still had projections to regions outside the visual cortex. The authors suggested that the spared neurons participated in the residual vision that the monkeys displayed in spite of their visual cortex lesions. Redundancy and Multiple Representations We began the chapter by outlining principles of cerebral organization, which included the idea that functions are represented at multiple levels and in a localized and distributed manner.