Conscience and allegiance in seventeenth century England: by David Martin Jones

By David Martin Jones

Through the Stuart monarchy oath taking turned a way to implement well known allegiance to the king (who had develop into head of either the church and the kingdom in the course of the prior Tudor reign). In an age more and more preoccupied through moral sense, this at the start helped to reinforce the monarch's energy. but, sarcastically, religiously and constitutionally inspired teams strongly objected to such country oaths, and the try out by way of the crown to implement such unconditional allegiance served to create a countervailing culture that antagonistic it. This publication discusses either the allure of the kingdom oath to executive as a devise to advertise and safe help, and the explanations why sense of right and wrong declined in political relevance throughout the eighteenth century.

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Additional info for Conscience and allegiance in seventeenth century England: the political significance of oaths and engagements

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I, p. 215. 14 See Kitchin, Le Court Leete, pp. 468, and Sir E.  . Reports (London, 1659), p. 589. 15 B. Wilkinson, The Medieval Constitution (London, 1977) p. 212. Page 18 However, this view did not necessarilly imply a supervening loyalty to the physical person of the king. As Ernst Kantorowicz has demonstrated, by the later middle ages, particularly in England, an evolving theory of kingship involved christological elements of a gemina persona, that is one person composed of two natures,16 one sempiternal and divine, the other quotidian and human.

111 (London, 1991). 38 Italicised in the original. G. E. Moore, Prinicipia Ethica (Oxford, 1927), p. 4. , pp. 45. 40 L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations (Oxford, 1995), p. 11e. 41 J. L. Austin, How To Do Things With Words (Oxford, 1975), pp. 67. "42 It would address those situations where the infraction of a rule is justified. "43 In other words, at the end of an era of ideology we might curiously and without fully realizing it have returned to something like a casuistical mode. Certainly, for the covenanters, engagers, and oath takers of seventeenth century England the excuses that governed the taking and dissolving of oaths represented more than a neglected branch of philosophy.

F. Sutton and P. W. ), The Coronation of Richard III: Extant Documents (Gloucester, 1983), p. 200. See also B. Wilkinson, The Coronation in History (Historical Association, London, 1951), p. 8. 21 See Wilkinson, Coronation , p. 8; P. E. Schram, The History of the English Coronation (Oxford, 1937), p. 182; H. G. Richardson, "The English Coronation Oath," TRHS, 4th Series, 23 (1941), pp. 12958; and M. Walzer, Regicide and Revolution (London, 1970). ''26 In swearing the coronation oath the king committed himself to a formal acceptance of the duties of his estate.

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