Corpus Linguistics: Refinements and Reassessments. (Language by Antoinette Renouf, Andrew Kehoe

By Antoinette Renouf, Andrew Kehoe

All through heritage, linguists and literary students were impelled by way of interest approximately specific linguistic or literary phenomena to hunt to watch them in motion in unique texts. The end result of every previous enquiry in flip nourish the will to proceed to procure wisdom, via extra commentary of more moderen linguistic evidence. As time is going through, the corpus linguist operates more and more within the understanding of what has long past prior to. Corpus Linguistics, thirty years on, is much less an blameless sortie into corpus territory at the foundation of a stoop than an educated, severe reassessment of current analytical orthodoxy, within the mild of recent information approaching circulation. This quantity contains twenty-two articles penned by means of participants of the ICAME (International machine Archive of recent and Mediaeval English) organization, which jointly offer a serious and trained reappraisal of the evidence, facts, tools and instruments of Corpus Linguistics that are to be had this day. Authors re-evaluate the limits of the self-discipline, exploring its components of commonality with Sociolinguistics, Language version, Discourse Linguistics, and Lexical facts and exhibiting how that commonality is very likely of substantial gain to practitioners within the fields involved. the quantity culminates within the file of a well timed and novel professional panel dialogue at the position of Corpus Linguistics within the learn of English as an international language. This encompasses concerns corresponding to English as a global lingua franca, 'norms' for international English, and the query of 'ownership', or who qualifies as a local speaker.

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If he thought the tape was going to run out before the end of the interview, he would simply increase the speed. This meant that the digitised recordings would change speed at random points, and the speakers would sound like the cartoon characters The Chipmunks. This had to be put right at a later stage. The original analogue recordings, both reel-to-reel and cassette versions, were first digitized at a high sampling rate, a graphic equalisation process was then applied to clarify the sound, a hiss reduction filter and a click eliminator were applied and variations in tape recording speed were eliminated.

This is because, in this case, the difference is morphological rather than just phonetic. In fact Heike Pichler of the University of Aberdeen has accessed the corpus to provide comparable material for her (2008) study of ‘divven’t’ in Berwick upon Tweed. Had we not decided to represent morphological alternations like this in the transcription, her task would have been much more difficult. htm. 5 Challenge 4: Tagging With regard to tagging, the challenge presented to the NECTE team was that existing tagging software had to be used and the tools in question had to encode non-standard English reliably, that is, without the need for considerable human intervention in the tagging process and / or for extensive subsequent proofreading.

Romaine, S. and D. Lange (1991), ‘The use of like as a marker of reported speech and thought: a case of grammaticalization in progress’, American Speech, 66: 227-279. Sand, A. (2004), ‘Shared morpho-syntactic features of contact varieties: article use’, World Englishes, 23: 281-298. Corpus linguistics meets sociolinguistics 31 Sand, A. (forthcoming), ‘Angloversals? Shared morpho-syntactic features in contact varieties of English’, unpublished “habilitation” thesis, University of Freiburg. Shields, K.

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