By Niklas Bremberg
This ebook contributes to the continuing debate in IR at the function of safety groups and formulates a brand new mechanism-based analytical framework.
It argues that the query we have to ask is how defense groups paintings at a time whilst armed conflicts between states became considerably much less common in comparison to different non-military threats and trans-boundary dangers (e.g. terrorism and the hostile results of weather change). Drawing upon contemporary advances in perform idea, the publication means that the emergence and unfold of cooperative safety practices, starting from multilateral international relations to situation administration, are as vital for realizing how protection groups paintings as extra conventional confidence-building measures.
Using the european, Spain and Morocco as an in-depth case research, this quantity unearths that throughout the institutionalization of multilateral venues, the european has supplied cooperative frameworks that another way do not need been to be had, and that the de-territorialized proposal of protection threats has created a brand new intent for useful cooperation among Spanish and Moroccan diplomats, defense force and civilian specialists. in the broader context, this e-book presents a mechanism-based framework for learning nearby corporations as defense community-building associations, and by using that framework it exhibits how perform conception may be utilized in empirical learn to generate novel and thought-provoking result of relevance for the wider box of IR.
This e-book could be of a lot curiosity to scholars of multilateral international relations, eu Politics, international coverage, safeguard reports and IR in general.
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Additional resources for Diplomacy and Security Community-Building: EU Crisis Management in the Western Mediterranean
The case study is thus designed as a within-case comparison of the EU as a security community-building institution. EU trade policy is selected because it was among the ﬁrst to be communitarized already in the EEC, and the European Commission has a long history of representing the member states in international trade negotiations and vis-à-vis trading partners. Besides being a formidable power in trade, it has also been suggested that the EU is increasingly becoming a power through trade to the extent that the Union uses market access: ‘as a bargaining chip to promote changes in the domestic arena of its trading partners, from labour standards to developmental policies’ (Bretherton and Vogler, 2006; Meunier and Nicolaïdis, 2011: 294).
8 The global ﬁnancial crisis that erupted in 2008 had a negative eﬀect on trade between EU and Morocco (Paciello, 2010). Although the trade volume had bounced back by 2010, this ﬁrst and foremost serves to underline the extent to which the Moroccan economy is dependent on the EU and on the economic development of Morocco’s main trading partners, such as France and Spain. Besides trade in industrial and manufactured goods, agriculture plays an important role in the Moroccan economy. It is estimated that almost half of the Moroccan workforce is employed in this sector (although agriculture’s share of Morocco’s GDP only amounts to about 10–15 per cent).
However, the dual nature10 of agriculture in all Maghreb countries is a serious obstacle to further liberalization of trade in agricultural products between Morocco and the EU besides the old and entrenched habit of European protectionism (Escribano and Lorca, 2008: 141). But there are other indications that suggest that the Moroccan economy is getting intertwined with the Internal Market in ways that not only has to do with trade in the traditional sense of lowering tariﬀ barriers. For example, 32 EU–Spain–Morocco multilateral venues when it comes to the textile industry (another important sector of the Moroccan economy) an interesting trend can be identiﬁed.