By Sheila J Wallace
Epilepsy is the commonest neurological affliction of youth, happening either in teenagers whose actual and cognitive states are in a different way common in addition to being an aspect of a extra generalised and critical mind sickness. there are lots of manifestations of epilepsy and, consequently, a range of things in underlying pathology, responses to therapy and analysis. complete realizing calls for wisdom of the elemental technological know-how that underlies epilepsy and its explanations, and an appreciation of cognitive, psychiatric and social factors.
This e-book is a finished and up to date evaluate of all facets of youth epilepsy for the professional neurologist or paediatrician with an curiosity during this region. the 1st version was once praised for its invaluable scientific method of reading the character of epileptic syndromes and for its acceptable and readable insurance of the underlying easy technology, good points which are retained and accelerated upon during this revision. specific updates comprise complete insurance of recent advancements in epidemiology, genetics, category, imaging, drug remedy and different remedies. numerous new chapters were additional, overlaying eyelid myoclonia, Rasmussen's syndrome, cognitive and behavioural manifestations of epilepsy, and vagal nerve stimulation.
This e-book is key analyzing for paediatric neurologists, epileptologists and paediatricians, and should proceed to supply beneficial aid for any general practitioner faced by means of a baby with epilepsy.
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Additional resources for Epilepsy in Children
6 Paroxysmal nonepileptic disorders: differential diagnosis of epilepsy In fact mother told me that he is attending the paediatric department at … and that he was started on Epilim just a couple of weeks ago. Even though two EEGs have been normal I do not doubt that he has an epileptic tendency and I am sure that he should be on treatment for at least a couple of years free from attacks. When this boy was seen he was beginning to become an ‘epileptic’, his school knew about his ‘epilepsy’, his mother was in touch with an epilepsy association, and invalidity beneﬁt had been applied for on the basis of epilepsy.
The distinction between non-REM arousal disorders and benign partial epilepsy with affective symptoms (BPEAS)82 can be more difﬁcult. In this disorder, children arouse and look similarly wild and combative. However, the epileptic seizures are brief, do not arise particularly from stage IV sleep, are more likely to occur towards the end of sleep, and may occur while awake. Non-REM arousal disorders likely represent a disordered balance between the drive to wake and the drive to sleep. They are more common in toddlers who sleep very deeply, in children who are overtired because of insufﬁcient sleep, and in those who are unwell or on certain medications.
Cyclical vomiting Cyclical vomiting syndrome is clearly related to migraine,123 but may be confused with epilepsy (or indeed EA2). 124 Neurodevelopmentally normal young children experience recurrent attacks of hemiplegia arising from sleep and lasting 5–20 min. Attacks begin between 4 months and 31⁄2 years of age and the course is benign. There is often a family history of migraine. 125–129 The attacks of ﬂaccid hemiplegia affect one or other side, or both, begin at 6–18 months of life and are associated with autonomic phenomena.