Feminism and Science (Race, Gender, and Science) by Nancy Tuana

By Nancy Tuana

"... considerate evaluations of the myriad matters among ladies and science." -- Belles Lettres"Outstanding selection of essays that bring up the basic questions of gender in what we've been taught are aim sciences." -- WATERwheel"... all the articles are good written, informative, and convincing. Admirable editorial paintings makes this anthology surprisingly necessary for students and students... hugely recommended... " -- ChoiceQuestioning the objectivity of medical inquiry, this quantity addresses the scope of gender bias in technology. The individuals study the ways that technological know-how is tormented by and reinforces sexist biases. The essays demonstrate technology to be a cultural establishment, dependent by means of the political, social, and fiscal values of the tradition during which it truly is practiced.

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One similarity between the epistemologies of Keller and Dewey illustrated by Heldke is a respect for difference. Through her discussion, Heldke offers a valuable analysis of the concept of difference, a concept that plays a central role in Keller's article. I begin the section on feminist critiques of the practice of science with Page x Hubbard's reflections upon the nature of a science consistent with feminist values. Desiring a science in which people take responsibility for the facts that are generated, Hubbard considers the alternatives of a science for the people and a science by the people.

The Biology and Gender Study Group illustrate that the myths of male activity and female passivity, woman as incomplete, and the male as the true parent inform the models and metaphors of contemporary reproductive theories. They argue that alternative interpretations are made available by rejecting such biases. Zita examines the evidence used to posit the existence of a premenstrual syndrome and the causal explanations designed to account for it. She traces a pattern of gender biases in the observations and theory construction surrounding PMS research.

Much of the work has followed the male model, focusing on the great or successful women in science. Olga Opfell's (1978) The Lady Laureates: Women Who Have Won the Nobel Prize and Lynn Osen's (1974) Women in Mathematics are based upon this model. Many individual biographies on famous figures such as Marie Curie (Reid 1974), Rosalind Franklin (Sayre 1975), Sophie Germain (Bucciarelli and Dworsky 1980), Mary Somerville (Patterson 1983), and Sofia Kovalenskia (Koblitz 1983) have also emerged. Demonstrating that women have been successful in traditional science is important in that it documents the fact that despite the extreme barriers and obstacles, women can do science.

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