Feminist movements in contemporary Japan by Laura Dales

By Laura Dales

In modern Japan there's a lot ambivalence approximately women’s roles, and the time period "feminism" isn't really greatly regarded or thought of relevant.  still, as this booklet exhibits, there's a flourishing feminist circulation in modern Japan.  The publication investigates the gains and results of feminism in modern Japan, in non-government (NGO) women’s teams, government-run women’s centres and the person actions of feminists Haruka Yoko and Kitahara Minori.  Based on years of fieldwork performed in Japan and drawing on broad interviews and ethnographic facts, it argues that the paintings of person activists and women’s corporations in Japan promotes genuine and capability swap to gender roles and expectancies between jap ladies. It explores the ways in which feminism is created, promoted and restricted between eastern girls, and advocates a broader building of what the feminist circulate is known to be and a rethinking of the bounds of feminist identity. It additionally addresses the impression of laws, govt paperwork, literature and the net as avenues of feminist improvement, and information the methods which those advertise supplier – the power to behave – between jap girls.

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The bureau is ‘mandated with the formulation and overall coordination of plans for matters related to promoting the formation of a gender equal society, as well as promoting the Basic Plan for Gender Equality and formulating and implementing plans for matters not falling under the jurisdiction of any particular ministry’ (Gender Equality Bureau 1999). 1 per cent) (Hashimoto 2001). The Gender Equality Bureau produces regular online updates of progress on gender policy reform and offers English and Japanese discussions of the national machinery, the law and related matters.

By this I do not mean simply that part-time work was itself feminized (read marginalized, underpaid and unstable) – this is a truism. Of significance at a sociological level is that these women did not aspire to the working patterns of the men who were rewarded within the conventional company structure. That is, for such women it is by remaining marginal that they are, in effect, empowered (Kondo 1990: 299). This potential for resistance is greatly qualified by the fact that, in many cases, ‘part-time’ implies ‘without benefits’, as hours of work match those in the full-time sphere (Bishop 2000: 24).

In order to ratify the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Japanese government had introduced reforms and legislation (including the Equal Opportunity Act 1985) to address gender inequality and sexual discrimination and had channelled public funds into the promotion of women’s affairs (Mackie 2003: 172). One outcome of the Japanese government’s focus on gender inequality was the proliferation of government-run women’s centres. Between 1990 and 2004, 185 women’s centres were established throughout Japan (Amakawa 2004).

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