By Roberta Gilchrist
Gender and Archaeology is the 1st quantity to seriously evaluate the improvement of this now key subject across the world, throughout various sessions and fabric tradition. ^l Roberta Gilchrist explores the importance of the feminist epistemologies. She exhibits the original standpoint that gender archaeology can convey to endure on matters resembling department of labour and the lifestyles path. She examines problems with sexuality, and the embodiment of sexual id. a considerable case examine of gender area and metaphor within the medieval English fort is used to attract jointly and illustrate those concerns.
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Extra info for Gender and Archaeology: Contesting the Past
When viewed as a high-status act of innovation, rather than a passive, co-evolutionary process, Watson and Kennedy observed that any connection between plant domestication and women was denied. Two further phases of horticultural development were considered: native cultigens appeared approximately 3,500 years ago in the Eastern Woodlands, and maize was cultivated purposefully in the region’s Strange bedfellows: feminism and archaeology 23 inhospitable climates by 800–900 AD. Watson and Kennedy inferred the deliberate acclimatisation of maize as a new species, introduced by women gardeners who had been responsible for the earlier development of native cultigens.
Inevitably, crucial flaws were identified in these unifying models, both by observers and by the original proponents themselves. The universality of female subordination was questioned: egalitarian societies could be cited in opposition to the theory (although no examples were forthcoming of matriarchal ones). The notion of global models essentialised the categories of man and woman, reducing them to ahistorical types without the fine texturing of age or social context. The concept of the exchange of women through marriage rendered them passive objects, negating any degree of female agency or female roles in social and economic networks.
G. Conkey and Spector 1984; Moser 1993; Nelson et al. 1994). Have such discrepancies also affected the interpretation of archaeological evidence? How have the tensions and predispositions of our time influenced how archaeologists comment on gender relations in past societies? Within the social sciences gender is considered to be socially constituted, a term embodying the cultural values that result from perceptions of sexual difference between, and among, men and women. This chapter reviews the emergence of gender archaeology through the feminist critique of science, and examines the relationship between feminism and archaeological theory, postulating the development of a feminist epistemology in some branches of gender archaeology.