Grid Computing: Experiment Management, Tool Integration, and by Radu Prodan

By Radu Prodan

Grid computing has turn into a subject of important curiosity within the clinical group as a way of permitting software builders to mixture assets scattered world wide for fixing large-scale medical difficulties. This monograph addresses 4 serious software program improvement features for the engineering and execution of functions on parallel and Grid architectures.

A new directive-based language referred to as ZEN is proposed for compact specification of broad price levels of curiosity for arbitrary program parameters, together with challenge or computer sizes, array or loop distributions, software program libraries, interconnection networks, or objective execution machines. in keeping with the ZEN language, a singular scan administration device known as ZENTURIO is built for automated scan administration of large-scale functionality and parameter experiences on parallel and Grid architectures. This device has been demonstrated with appreciate to performance and value on a number of real-world parallel functions from a number of domain names, together with theoretical chemistry, photonics, funds, and numerical mathematics.

Depending at the ZENTURIO test administration structure a widespread optimization framework is outfitted up that integrates general-purpose meta-heuristics for fixing NP-complete functionality and parameter optimization difficulties in an exponential seek area particular utilizing the ZEN scan specification language. ultimately a well timed process is proposed for modeling and executing medical workflows in dynamic and heterogeneous Grid environments, introducing an summary formal version for hierarchical illustration of advanced directed graph-based workflows.

Thus this monograph contributes to numerous examine parts with regards to built-in software improvement for effective engineering and excessive functionality execution of clinical purposes in Grid environments.

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Extra resources for Grid Computing: Experiment Management, Tool Integration, and Scientific Workflows

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2. 12(b)). While the implementation of the Grid service 30 2 Model Stateless Web Service • Stateless Grid Service • Stateless operations Stateless operations m Resource Identifier n Stateful Grid Service • • • Lifecycle operations State operations Resource operations 1 1 Stateful Resource Driver • • • Lifecycle operations State operations Resource operations 1 1 Resource Resource (a) Encapsulation (b) Delegation Fig. 12. The stateful Grid service design alternatives. is stateless, the interface of the service is stateful.

6 Grid Architectural Model 25 The disadvantage of SMPs is their limited scalability in accessing the shared memory through the common bus that becomes rapidly saturated. Massively Parallel Processors (MPPs) Massively Parallel Processors (MPPs) are huge and expensive supercomputers, consisting of possibly thousands of processors. The processor types used in an MPP machine are the ones commonly present in personal computers or workstations and are typically interconnected through a high performance proprietary network designed to achieve low latency and high bandwidth.

1 shows six sample ZEN directives valid, in descending order, in the context of the following programming languages: FORTRAN 77, Fortran 90/95, C, C++/Java, Lisp, and shell scripting language. R. Prodan and T. Fahringer: Grid Computing, LNCS 4340, pp. 37–68, 2006. 1 (Sample ZEN directives in various programming languages). ZEN$ /*ZEN$ //ZEN$ ;ZEN$ #ZEN$ A A A A A A = = = = = = { { { { { { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3 3 3 3 3 3 } } }*/ } } } We defined in the ZEN language four categories of directives: 1.

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