Implementing the Millennium Development Goals: Challenges by United Nations

By United Nations

A UN ebook revenues quantity E 08 II H: three; ST/ESA/PAD/SER E/116. it's a contribution of the United international locations Committee of specialists on Public management.

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Br. Pollitt, Christopher and Geert Bouchaert (2000) Public Management Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ranson, Stewart and John Stewart (1994) Management for the Public Domain. London: The Macmillan Press. Sachs, Jeffrey (2005) The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin Press. Silberman, Bernard S. (1993) The Cages of Reason. Chicago: Chicago University Press. UN Millennium Project (2005) Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

The three new forms do not overturn the classical ones but do partially replace them. Management by results is a form of decentralization: the supervisory secretary defines the objectives and the performance indicators with the participation of the agency or of its manager, who is assured the administrative autonomy – personal and financial – to achieve them. Administrative competition for excellence does not mean market coordination of public services but compares the standards or benchmarks achieved by different public organizations that deliver the same service in different regions.

Yet one should not identify public management reform with the use of information technology. Independently of the type of administration – 39 managerial or bureaucratic – such a major innovation would be used by the state. In the case of managerial accountability mechanisms, well-used information technology makes further decentralization viable. Only within a democratic framework is it possible to accept the high degree of autonomy assigned to managers in public management reforms. While bureaucratic public administration was created within a liberal but not democratic state, and was concerned with strict controls, public management reform is unthinkable without democracy.

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