By Sarah Milledge Nelson, Myriam Rosen-Ayalon
Written by means of a exceptional staff of feminist archaeologists, In Pursuit of Gender examines the function of gender in archaeology, a space that has lengthy been overlooked. The chapters during this quantity characterize websites and cultures which were interpreted or reinterpreted from the point of view of gender, exploding previous assumptions approximately ladies and the jobs they held. vastly illuminating the topic of gender from the point of view in their personal neighborhood traditions, the authors take the reader via an authoritative and complete dialogue of gender archaeology in Asia, Africa, North and South the United States. Societies represented comprise hunter-gatherers, early horticulturalists, incipient and well-developed states, ancient groups, in addition to ethnoarchaeological explorations. The chapters are characterized via a better specificity in equipment, and the emergence of a social archaeology that considers the organisation of either women and men. In Pursuit of Gender advances the examine of gender in archaeology with unique info, a world-wide scope and punctiliously reasoned conclusions that flow into new territory, paving the way in which in the direction of extra examine in gender-based conception.
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Extra resources for In Pursuit of Gender: Worldwide Archaeological Approaches
9780759116764 1. Social archaeology. 2. Sex role—History. 3. Man-woman relationships—History. 4. Women—History. 5. Women, Prehistoric. 6. Feminist archaeology. I. , 1931–. II. Rosen-Ayalon, Myriam. III. Series. 48-1992. Table of Contents GENDER AND ARCHAEOLOGY SERIES Title Page Copyright Page Preface and Acknowledgments 1 - Introduction THE ROOTS OF GENDER ARCHAEOLOGY METHODS FOR STUDYING GENDER CHAPTER ARRANGEMENT SUMMARY I - GENDER IDEOLOGY 2 - Gender in the South Italian Neolithic: A Combinatory Approach INTRODUCTION THE NEOLITHIC OF SOUTHERN ITALY SOURCES FOR STUDYING GENDER IN THE NEOLITHIC OF SOUTHERN ITALY DISCUSSION CONCLUDING REMARKS 3 - Soul Birds and Heavenly Cows: Transforming Gender in Predynastic Egypt INTRODUCTION SEXING GOODS STATISTICAL ANALYSES OF GRAVE GOODS FIGURING SEX DISCUSSION AND INTERPRETATION: MATERIALITY, EMBODIMENT, AND MEANING EPILOGUE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 4 - Through the Looking Glass: Reflections on Mirrors, Gender, and Use among Nomads NOTES 5 - Ideology, Power, and Gender: Emergent Complex Society in Northeastern China HONGSHAN CULTURE HONGSHAN ECONOMY AND POLITICAL STRUCTURE IDEOLOGY OF THE HONGSHAN CULTURE CONCLUSION 6 - Beauty, Sexuality, Body Ornamentation, and Gender in Ancient Meso-America BODILY CUES AS MEDIA OF SOCIAL IDENTITY IN MESO-AMERICA A MESO-AMERICAN HISTORY FOR AZTEC PRACTICES BEAUTIFICATION, PERSUASIVENESS, AND PERFORMATIVE GENDER BODY ORNAMENTATION, BEAUTY, AND SEXUALITY IN MESO-AMERICA THE PUBLIC PERFORMANCE OF GENDER IN PRE-HISPANIC MESO-AMERICA 7 - Men, Women, and Eland: Hunting and Gender among the San of Southern Africa THEMES IN SAN EXPRESSIVE CULTURE PEOPLE OF THE EARLY RACE HUNTING AND ELAND HUNTING AND MARRIAGE KALAHARI LIFE HISTORIES KALAHARI TALK ROCK PAINTINGS PAINTING ELAND AND HUNTING PAINTING PEOPLE HUNTING AND GENDER ACKNOWLEDGMENTS II - GENDER ROLES 8 - The Impact of Women on Household Economies: A Maya Case Study HOUSEHOLD ECONOMIES, WOMEN’S LABOR, AND HOUSEHOLD SPACE THE SAN MATEO CASE METHODS AND EXPECTED RESULTS ANALYSIS DISCUSSION NOTES APPENDIX: VARIABLES CODED FOR THE CASE STUDY ANALYSIS 9 - Beyond Complementarity and Hierarchy: New Definitions for Archaeological Gender Relations INTRODUCTION: THE BINARY WORLD OF GENDER SYSTEMS CRITIQUE AND ALTERNATIVES TO BINARY GENDERS AND BINARY GENDER SYSTEMS ALTERNATIVE NONCATEGORICAL SCHEMES FOR STUDYING GENDER: STUDIES FROM YUTOPIAN LOCATING GENDER AT YUTOPIAN GENDER AS AN ORGANIZING PRINCIPLE IN YUTOPIAN EARLY FORMATIVE HOUSEHOLDS: WHICH CATEGORIES, IF ANY?
The chapters in this volume demonstrate some of the many fruitful avenues to explore in pursuit of gender. They also contain a plethora of data from individual sites and cultures that have been interpreted or reinterpreted from the perspective of gender. The topic has gone well beyond the task of “finding the women” who were overlooked in archaeological interpretations for so long, as having timeless and invariable roles and to be of little interest because change was minimal. However, in many places and times in the past, women need to be foregrounded in order to create a new perspective.
An awareness of this muting of women led first to the question of what women were doing while men were creating culture (Dahlberg 1981). ” These attitudes are rooted in biological essentialism. The only absolute universal is that women give birth to the babies. However, even that is not true of all women and certainly is not true of any woman all her life. Thus, the fact that women, not men, give birth cannot explain everything about gender differences and cannot explain anything about differences among women.