By Frank Herbert Attix
An easy presentation of the large ideas underlying radiological physics and radiation dosimetry for the graduate-level scholar. Covers photon and neutron attenuation, radiation and charged particle equilibrium, interactions of photons and charged debris with subject, radiotherapy dosimetry, in addition to photographic, calorimetric, chemical, and thermoluminescence dosimetry. comprises many new derivations, reminiscent of Kramers X-ray spectrum, in addition to issues that experience now not been completely analyzed in different texts, corresponding to broad-beam attenuation and geometrics, and the reciprocity theorem. matters are layed out in a logical series, making the subjects more straightforward for college students to stick to. Supplemented with a number of diagrams and tables.Content:
Chapter 1 Ionizing Radiation (pages 1–19):
Chapter 2 amounts for Describing the interplay of Ionizing Radiation with subject (pages 20–37):
Chapter three Exponential Attenuation (pages 38–60):
Chapter four Charged?Particle and Radiation Equilibria (pages 61–79):
Chapter five Absorbed Dose in Radioactive Media (pages 80–100):
Chapter 6 Radioactive Decay (pages 101–123):
Chapter 7 Gamma? and X?Ray Interactions in subject (pages 124–159):
Chapter eight Charged?Particle Interactions in topic (pages 160–202):
Chapter nine X?Ray creation and caliber (pages 203–230):
Chapter 10 hollow space thought (pages 231–263):
Chapter eleven Dosimetry basics (pages 264–291):
Chapter 12 Ionization Chambers (pages 292–345):
Chapter thirteen Dosimetry and Callbration of Photon and Electron Beams with hollow space Ion Chambers (pages 346–394):
Chapter 14 Integrating Dosimeters (pages 395–437):
Chapter 15 Dosimetry through Pulse?Mode Detectors (pages 438–462):
Chapter sixteen Neutron Interactions and Dosimetry (pages 463–505):
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Extra resources for Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry
Nt, so that the equation corresponding to Eq. 13) where the units are as given for Eq. 4). q,z, respectively. ) ~ ,Pis ~ not only characteristic of the atomic number The value of ( ~ ( ~ ~ atl appoint 2 of the material present there [as is the case for ( p , , / ~ ) ~ but , ~ ] is , also dependent to some degree upon the material present along the tracks of the electrons which originate at P. This is because radiative energy losses by electrons are greater in higher-Zmaterials, for which K , is larger and K,correspondingly less.
V. , in which at least some nonprimary rays reach the detector-is called broad-beam geometry. , that in which no scattered or secondary particles strike the detector), the corresponding concept of an ideal broad-beam geometry is more difficult to define, and is experimentally less accessible. Nevertheless it will be found useful to establish such a concept for comparison with actual cases. It may be defined as follows: In ideal broad-beam geometry every scattered or secondary unchargedparticle strikes the detector, but only i f generated in the attmuator by a primary particle on its way to the detector, or by a secondary charged particle resultingfrom suth a primary.
2). Thus the kmM is the cx$ectation value of thc energy transferrtd to charged particles per unit mass at a point of interest, including radiative-loss energy but cxcluding energy passedfrom one charged particle to another. The average value of the kerma throughout a volume containing a mass rn is simply the expectation value of the energy transferred divided by the mass, or (Et,),/rn. Kerma can be expressed in units of erg/g, rad, or J/kg. The latter unit is also called the gray (Gy) in honor of L.