By Claudia Frank
In this publication Claudia Frank discusses how Melanie Klein started to enhance her psychoanalysis of kids. Melanie Klein in Berlin: Her First Psychoanalyses of Children bargains a close comparative research of either released and unpublished fabric from the Melanie Klein Archives.
By utilizing formerly unpublished stories, Frank demonstrates how Klein enriched the concept that of unfavorable transference and laid the root for the innovations on either approach and concept that at last led not just to adjustments in baby research, but additionally to changes in the analysis of adults. Frank additionally uncovers the impression that this had on Klein's later theories of the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, and on her realizing of psychotic anxieties.
The first seven chapters within the publication supply an evidence of the essence of Klein's method of baby psychoanalysis protecting themes including:
- the inevitability and value of detrimental transference
- development of play
- early wakeful and subconscious phantasies.
Part offers a translation of Klein's unpublished notes at the remedies of 4 of the youngsters she analysed in Berlin: 7-year-old Grete, 2-year-old Rita, 7-year-old Inge and 6-year-old Erna.
Melanie Klein in Berlin is the 1st textual content to make large use of Klein's unpublished papers, medical notes, diaries and manuscripts. it is going to entice an individual enthusiastic about baby psychoanalysis and the advance of Melanie Klein's thinking.
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Additional info for Melanie Klein in Berlin: Her First Psychoanalyses of Children
Spillius has published various developments in Kleinian thought (Spillius, 1983, 1988, 1994). Hinshelwood (1991) gives a comprehensive presentation. 4 The approach of the present study The present study aims to go over the early stages of Klein’s development, by means of an investigation of specimen cases. Klein treated at least twenty-two children and adolescents in Berlin, so a selection had to be made. My ﬁrst decision was to restrict the investigation to her child analyses, since this was where the real innovations took place.
Klein also mentioned this in 1921: The child has a natural impulse to use the analysis also as a means to pleasure. At night when he should go to sleep he will state that an idea that must be discussed at once has occurred to him. (1921, WMK I, p. 50) It is diﬃcult to make out what may have led Klein to carry out a kind of analysis with her son – although this was not unusual among analysts at that time – and to interpret his ideas about his dreams and phantasies as various elements of the Oedipus complex.
With regard to the next stages, I decided to go back to the early cases to which Klein referred in her paper of 1955 (‘The psychoanalytic play technique’), namely to the analyses of Rita (March to October 1923) and Inge (September 1923 to July 1924, and again from February 1925 to May 1926). According to the criteria set out above, Ernst would also be a possible subject for this period, as will be shown in an addendum to the presentation of Inge (Chapter 5). Ernst started his analysis with a predominantly positive transference and for the most part maintained it throughout his analysis.