By Paul Thagard
Excellent ebook concerning the Computational Representational figuring out of brain (CRUM). Althought basically targeting one conception to provide an explanation for the fucntioning of our brain it has concise and straightforward to appreciate reasons, going from the main simple representations to the main advanced.
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Extra info for Mind: Introduction to Cognitive Science
So, M is O. 24 Chapter 2 Aristotle’s discovery of how to analyze syllogisms purely in terms of their form, ignoring their content, has had a major influence on logic. The discovery’s usefulness, however, has been challenged from a psychological perspective, as we will see below in the section on psychological validity. The syllogism is a form of deductive inference, in which the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises: if the premises are true, the conclusion is true also. Inductive inference is more dangerous since it introduces uncertainty.
It also contains the word “you,” which the reader can figure out refers to Paul Thagard, the author of this book, but it is not obvious how to express this in logic. Moreover, the structure of this sentence includes the relation “asks,” which involves both an asker and the proposition that is asked, so that we need to be able to embed a proposition within a proposition, which is not naturally done in the usual formalism for predicate logic. If translation from language to logical formalism were easier, we could have greater confidence that formal logic captures everything that is necessary for mental representation.
How do people make deductions? 4. Is nondeductive reasoning done in accord with the laws of probability? 5. Is natural language based on logic? Further Reading On the history of logic, see Prior 1967. There are many good introductory logic textbooks; for example, Bergmann, Moor, and Nelson 2003. Pollock 1995 approaches philosophical problems from a computational 42 Chapter 2 perspective based on formal logic. The logical approach to artificial intelligence is expounded in Genesereth and Nilsson 1987 and Russell and Norvig 2003.