By Chalmers A. Johnson
The focal point of this publication is at the jap financial paperwork, fairly at the recognized Ministry of foreign alternate and (MITI), because the prime nation actor within the economic system. even supposing MITI was once now not the one very important agent affecting the economic system, nor used to be the kingdom as an entire continuously essential, i don't are looking to be overly modest concerning the value of this topic. the actual velocity, shape, and outcomes of eastern monetary development are usually not intelligible irrespective of the contributions of MITI. Collaboration among the kingdom and large enterprise has lengthy been stated because the defining attribute of the japanese economy, yet for too lengthy the state's position during this collaboration has been both condemned as overweening or brushed aside as in basic terms supportive, with out anyone's ever examining the matter.
The heritage of MITI is crucial to the commercial and political historical past of recent Japan. both vital, even though, the tools and achievements of the japanese fiscal paperwork are imperative to the ongoing debate among advocates of the communist-type command economies and advocates of the Western-type combined industry economies. The totally bureaucratized command economies misallocate assets and stifle initiative; for you to functionality in any respect, they need to lock up their populations in the back of iron curtains or different kind of impermeable boundaries. The combined marketplace economies fight to discover how you can interfere politically decided priorities into their marketplace structures with no catching a foul case of the "English illness" or being annoyed through the American-type felony sprawl. the japanese, after all, don't have the entire solutions. yet given the truth that nearly all recommendations to any of the severe difficulties of the past due 20th century―energy provide, environmental security, technological innovation, and so forth―involve a spread of respectable forms, the actual jap priorities and approaches are instructive. at the least they need to forewarn a overseas observer that the japanese achievements weren't gained with no expense being paid.
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Extra info for MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925-1975
This stage can, of course, eventually evolve through further decentralization. A tightly monitored, centralized system typically enforces nationally determined staffing levels by means of a coordinated effort of the central personnel authority and the ministry of finance. Often routine functions are delegated to department-level and line agency personnel staff, who are then trained to carry out these tasks, but overall staffing levels are kept in check centrally through regulation of recruitment and periodic staff inspection.
Policymakers should not anguish over what kind of systems to introduce wholesale, but rather should concentrate on individual elements within systems and how these might be introduced. Traditional, mainly centralized models of civil service management seem to provide the best starting point for the typical developing country. Given that such countries will tend to have a relatively small pool of talent to draw upon, husbanding them at the center is logical. Agency (or decentralized) approaches, which require technological and human resource skills beyond the present capacity of many developing countries may, however, provide models toward which countries can strive.
Title : The Civil Service System and Economic Development : The Japanese Experience : Report On an International Colloquium Held in Tokyo, March 22-25, 1994 EDI Learning Resources Series, 1020-3842 author : Kim, Hyung-Ki. publisher : World Bank isbn10 | asin : 0821331701 print isbn13 : 9780821331705 ebook isbn13 : 9780585326986 language : English subject Civil service--Japan--Congresses, Japan--Economic policy--1945- --Congresses, Civil service--Congresses. 52001 subject : Civil service--Japan--Congresses, Japan--Economic policy--1945- --Congresses, Civil service--Congresses.