Mycotoxins in Agriculture and Food Safety (Books in Soils, by Kaushal K. Shinha, Deepak Bhatnagar

By Kaushal K. Shinha, Deepak Bhatnagar

Describes various mycotoxins happening as contaminants in agricultural plants and animal items, and information the implementation of foodstuff security rules through governmental and overseas businesses. The publication charts the development made in mycotoxicology because the early Nineteen Nineties. It additionally profiles contemporary advances in mycotoxin research tools.

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Additional resources for Mycotoxins in Agriculture and Food Safety (Books in Soils, Plants, & the Environment) (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment)

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The isolate may also cause seedling death. In a young plant the organism may follow the meristem of the plant; however, the incidence of this organism was suppressed in mature plants perhaps due to the host tolerance. Other cereal crops, viz. wheat, barley, oat, and sorghum, are not very susceptible to extensive preharvest aflatoxin contamination. Out of 3489 samples of these small grains analyzed by Stoloff [36] during 19681975, only 19 samples contained detectable levels of aflatoxins. Levels of aflatoxin were also very low in positive samples.

In field experiments, the spraying of A. flavus was carried out when the entire inflorescence of the crop of a particular plot had matured to the fruiting stage. This period in Varuna and BR-40 varieties of mustard was attained after 70 and 60 days of planting, respectively [90]. In field inoculation experiment, percent incidence Page 14 FIGURE 2 Line of regression showing significant positive correlation between percent incidence of A. flavus and aflatoxin contamination. of A. 01) with aflatoxin contamination (Fig.

In aflaroot disease, the radicle does not develop in secondary root. It is well established that in a standing peanut crop, A. flavus invasion can Page 12 occur in soil during pod development and maturation. However, the exact mode of infection of peanut fruit has not been fully elucidated. Some researchers [7779] have suggested that A. flavus may invade the flowers, penetrate down the pegs, and subsequently establish in the developing seeds. Peanut flowers inoculated with washed conidia of A. flavus were readily colonized by the fungus [80].

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