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In particular, the darkest line in the yellow region, marked D, is due to sodium. The signature line for helium falls near this line, as we shall see later, and the proximity of the two caused a good deal of confusion the stars closer. In the last decade of his life, he invented another instrument that would allow studying spectra with an unprecedented accuracy, and the later discoveries owed much to this invention. During the years 1821–1823, he came up with what is now called a diffraction grating that broke light into constituent colors when reflected on it, just like a prism did but with much better accuracy.
Whiston (Routledge, London; 1997), 188. 2. As quoted in J. Longrigg, “The Roots of all things”, Isis, Vol. 67 (1976), 421. 3. W. ), 103. 4. Allen G. Debus, The English Paracelsians (Oldbourne: London, 1965), 71–76. 5. Allen G. Debus, The Chemical Philosophy (Dover, New York: 2002), 79. 6. , 84. 7. , 482. 8. Gerald J. Holton, Introduction to Concepts and Theories in Physical Sciences (Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1985), 231. 9. Mary E. Weeks, “The discovery of the elements. IX. Three alkali metals: Potassium, sodium, and lithium,” Journal of Chemical Education, Vol.
He wrote: The analysis of the spectrum by colored media presents several circumstances worthy of remark. First, the irregular and singular distribution in the dark bands which cross the spectrum, when viewed through such media as have several maxima of transmission, obviously leads us to refer to Fraunhofer’s fixed lines, and the analogous phenomena to be noticed in the light from other sources, to the same cause, whatever it may be, which determines the absorption of some rays in From Chemistry to the Stars 31 preference to others.