Photoelectron Spectroscopy: Principles and Applications by Professor Dr. Stefan Hüfner (auth.)

By Professor Dr. Stefan Hüfner (auth.)

Photoelectron Spectroscopy offers an updated advent to the sector by way of comprehensively treating the digital buildings of atoms, molecules, solids, and surfaces. short descriptions are given of inverse photoemission, spin-polarized photoemission and photoelectron diffraction. Experimental points are thought of through the booklet and the consequences are conscientiously interpreted when it comes to the idea. A wealth of measured information is gifted in tabular shape for simple use via experimentalists. This re-creation has been considerably up-to-date and extended.

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Example text

The center of gravity of the two spectra is identical has to take into account the interaction of the remaining photo ionized system with the potential created by the core hole. This interaction will most strongly affect the charge contained in the valence band. Assuming the valence band consists of discrete energy levels, these levels can be excited by the core-hole potential and show up in the core-level spectrum as so-called satellites at lower kinetic energies (higher binding energies). 36 shows schematic spectra for both a system of non-interacting electrons (V = 0; V = electron-electron interaction) and for interacting electrons (V i- 0).

32c, where in Fig. 33 the scan through a single rotational level is presented. Here, W2 is the energy of the second photon which is scanned through the rotational level, yielding a linewidth of the order of 1 cm- 1 or 100 lleV, considerably below the 3 meV that can be achieved these days by conventional PES. 75]. 01 meV and a typical example is shown in Fig. 93]. 75878eV. This spectrum should be compared to the 3P3/2 line in Fig. 1, recorded with a conventional photoelectron spectrometer, where the width is 28 meV.

The final example is an investigation of the 0 1sand CIs core level of CO on Ni(lOO) measured with high resolution; the results are shown in Fig. 30b. Here it could be shown for the first time that each core level is accompanied by a number of vibrational satellites, which by comparison with other experimental data could be ascribed to the CO stretching frequency [1. 73J. The excitation of vibrations is due to the fact that the potential energy surface for the atomic motion is different before and after the ionization.

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