By Peter G. Dorrell
This publication describes the use and techniques of images in box archaeology, surveys, conservation and archaeological laboratories. This moment variation offers with a couple of new fabrics and kinds of kit, rather the growing to be use of video and digital recording structures.
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Extra resources for Photography in Archaeology and Conservation
The past few years have seen a proliferation of compact cameras: small 35 mm bodies, usually plastic, with non-interchangeable lenses, and with all or many of their functions automatic. Such cameras are a pleasure to use: light, well designed and extremely simple in operation; but although they might well be useful on a dig for informal photographs, or as a back-up, they should not be relied upon as the sole camera. Their range of facilities is too restricted, particularly for close-up work, and many are not strongly enough built.
E. g. 8 is intermediate between the two. Apart from its importance in determining the exposure (the total dosage of light reaching the film, calculated from aperture x shutter speed), the aperture is one of the factors affecting the depth of field and depth of focus. Depth of field When a camera is focussed at any distance, a point reflected from that distance should be reproduced as a point on the film, so far as the resolution of the emulsion and the aberrations of the lens allow. Points in front of and beyond that distance become successively less well-defined discs the farther they are from the focussed distance.
In other words, the back and the front of the camera are parallel, and the lens is lined up with the centre of the film. This simple geometry can be changed in a number of ways, either Lens panel Film panel Back tilt Front tilt Rising & falling back Rising & falling front Cross front Cross back Swing front Swing back Front focus Back focus Plate 20 Monorail camera, skeleton view, showing the controls of the various movements. 28 Photography in archaeology and conservation displacing the lens axis above, below or to one side of the centre of the film plane without changing the right angle at which the two meet, or altering the angle so that the film plane and the lens panel are no longer parallel, or both.