Preventing childhood obesity: health in the balance by Jeffrey P. Koplan, Catharyn T. Liverman, Vivica A. Kraak,

By Jeffrey P. Koplan, Catharyn T. Liverman, Vivica A. Kraak, Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth

Released in organization with the Institute of medication of the nationwide Academies. document from the Committee on Prevention of weight problems in childrens and formative years examines the character, volume, and results of weight problems in US teenagers and formative years. additionally contains the social, environmental, clinical, and nutritional elements.

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One factor that has influenced overall transportation patterns in the United States is the change in the built environment. Through a number of mediating factors, the built environment can either promote or hinder physical activity, although the role and influence of the built environment on physical activity levels is a relatively new area of investigation. The ways in which land is developed and neighborhoods are designed may contribute to the level of physical activity residents achieve as a natural part of their daily lives (Frank, 2000).

2003). aFood availability (per capita intake) is based on food supply data; dietary intake trends are based on measured or self-reported food consumption data. NOTE: CSFII = Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. S. macronutrient food supply trends for carbohydrates, protein, and total fat, 1970-2000. , 2002; USDA, 2003. 60 Percentage of calories Carbohydrates 50 40 Total Fat 30 Protein 20 10 0 1971-1974 1976-1980 1988-1994 1999-2000 Survey years FIGURE 1-2 Percentage of calories from macronutrient intake for carbohydrates, protein, and total fat among adult men and women, 1970-2000.

Americans with a BMI below 30 will be considered small and obesity will no longer be newsworthy but accepted as the social norm. While the existence and importance of the increase in the populationwide obesity problem are no longer debated, we are still mustering the determination to forge effective solutions. , 2001), yet we have acted vigorously and with impressive results. How to proceed similarly in meeting the formidable childhood obesity challenge is the focus of this Institute of Medicine (IOM) report.

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