Small-Area Estimates of School-Age Children in Poverty: by Constance F. Citro, Graham Kalton

By Constance F. Citro, Graham Kalton

A reference textual content awarded as a spouse to the nationwide examine Council's Panel on Estimates of Poverty for Small Geographic components' ultimate record, which used to be released by way of the nationwide learn Council in 2000. This quantity additionally offers particular documentation of the tools for generating small-area estimates of terrible school-age teenagers at the moment utilized by the NRC. Softcover.

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Additional info for Small-Area Estimates of School-Age Children in Poverty: Evaluation of Current Methodology (The Compass Series)

Sample text

S. Census Bureau, 1996:Table D-2). CPS undercoverage is corrected by ratio adjustments to the survey weights that bring the CPS estimates of population in line with updated national population controls by age, race, sex, and Hispanic origin. However, the ratio adjustments do not correct for other characteristics on which the undercovered population might be expected to differ from the covered population. 1). The CPS sample size is not large enough to produce detailed information on the changes that occur over time in the geographical distribution of the population in poverty, but the survey can provide some useful indicators.

To obtain more reliable income data for the Hispanic population, all November CPS households with one or more Hispanic persons are reinterviewed in March if they still include a Hispanic person. 3 The CPS sample design, which is a multistage probability sample design, is revised about once every 10 years on the basis of the results of the latest census. 2The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is another source of up-to-date income and poverty data. Two Committee on National Statistics panels have recommended that SIPP become the official source of annual national poverty estimates in place of the March CPS (see National Research Council, 1993, 1995a).

A model-based approach is needed when there is no single data source for the area and time period in question that can provide direct estimates of sufficient reliability for the intended purpose. The Census Bureau has used this strategy to develop estimates of median family income for states (Fay, Nelson, and Litow, 1993). In the 1970s, it used model-based methods to improve 1970 census small-area income estimates for use in developing updated per capita income estimates for governmental jurisdictions (Fay and Herriot, 1979) and, in part, to develop population estimates for states and counties (see Spencer and Lee, 1980).

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