Social Welfare Development in East Asia by Kwong-leung Tang

By Kwong-leung Tang

Comparative social coverage has lengthy overlooked welfare improvement in Asia. no longer a lot is understood approximately social welfare within the economically winning East Asian tigers (Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan). they're overdue starters in social welfare yet each one has its personal trajectory of welfare improvement. regardless of the presence of intensive social welfare, they've got shied clear of Western-style welfare states. The presence of sturdy developmental states and their improvement ethos clarify largely the underdevelopment of kingdom welfare.

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Several lines of reasoning have been developed by scholars to explain the expanding role of social welfare. Deyo (1981, 1992) argues that the East Asian developmental states have made use of social welfare Theories of Comparative Social Policy 31 as a means to further their national goals. Castells and his associates (1990) believe that the course of capitalist development in East Asia inevitably made the states invest in social infrastructure to guarantee the reproduction of labour. Other researchers take note of the importance of the geopolitics faced by these Asian countries.

A series of crises hit this city-state. Singapore merged temporarily with Malaysia in 1963, which triggered Indonesian indignation and a termination of the entrepot trade. The situation worsened, becoming tense when Singapore was expelled in 1965 from the Malaysian union. Since then, there had been constant conflicts between Malaysia and Singapore. In 1968, the British announced their withdrawal east of the Suez Canal, closing their military base in Singapore, which accounted for about onefifth of the island’s GDP and employment respectively (Low, 1998).

To Kim, the developmental state of Korea is no longer seen as autonomous. The autonomous state has its own inherent contradictions. Rather, its role and influences are more limited once the economy has developed. In the process, business influences grow rapidly and are able to override the state in important matters. As the state attains economic development, its nature changes from a comprehensive developmental state to a more limited one. The evolution of Asian developmental states is linked to the underdevelopment of social welfare.

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