By Janine Morgall
How good does expertise evaluate (TA) relate to women's lives? If ladies are underrepresented within the long term study and improvement technique that results in medical developments, how can TA comprehend expertise geared toward ladies? It cannot, claims the writer of Technology evaluation: A Feminist Perspective.
A relative new box, TA examines the social element of expertise and offers details serious to selection making, coverage improvement, defense criteria, and averting litigation. until eventually gender research is brought into all checks of recent applied sciences, Janine Marie Morgall argues, TA cannot overview technology's impression upon women.
Morgall investigates parts of know-how that have an effect on women's lives: efficient (clerical paintings) and reproductive (health care). Case reviews of clerical staff and overall healthiness care recipients illustrate gender-specify results of know-how starting from be aware processors to remedies for infertility. those experiences convincingly show that TA encourages suggestions with no wondering their results on girls. problems with dominance, keep an eye on, and conflicting values emerge from Morgall's feminist viewpoint and help her demand gender research of latest technologies.
within the sequence Labor and Social Change, edited by way of Paula Rayman and Carmen Sirianni.
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Additional info for Technology Assessment: A Feminist Perspective
Other forms of implicit TA can also be found in Britain, France, and Sweden. In the United Kingdom there has been no institutionalization of TA or any clearly recognizable TA discussions (Smits and Ley ton 1988), but "attempts at technology assessment, by other names, are nevertheless made in practice" (Coombs, Saviotti, and Walsh 1987, 241). From the beginning it was felt that many TA functions were already being carried out by means of a task force approach: the occasional establishment of Royal Commissions to look at particular problems.
Consequently, a much broader and deeper assessment of new technological developments was advocated to encompass their discernible and relevant implications for society and to make possible their incorporation into the decisionmaking process at any significant level of society. [OECD 1983,9] Copyrighted Material Technology Assessment 28 The OECD has stayed with broad issues, perhaps because of its international perspective. These include defense, economic development of traditional industries such as agriculture and mining, and services such as communication and transportation (Tisdell 1981).
Enthusiasm was not a characteristic of OECD efforts at the start. " By the late 1970s, however, a change in approach could be observed: As more and more experience [was] gathered, it became clear that technology assessment was often hampered by the narrow perspective adopted by the first practitioners. With the emergence of the oil crisis and subsequent economic difficulties, governments in member countries turned their hopes to technological innovation as a major determinant of their economic dynamics and improved competitiveness.