By Richard Moore
The 1988 Seoul Olympics performed host to what has been defined by way of a few because the dirtiest race of all time, by means of others because the maximum. the ultimate of the men's a hundred metres at these Olympics is definitely the main notorious within the historical past of athletics, and extra indelibly etched into the cognizance of the game, the Olympics, and a world viewers of thousands, than the other athletics occasion prior to or since.
Ben Johnson's world-record time of 9.79 seconds – as exciting because it was once – used to be the start instead of the tip of the tale. Following the race, Johnson confirmed confident, information that generated as many – if no more – shockwaves as his quickest ever run. He was once stripped of the name, Lewis used to be offered the gold medal, Linford Christie the silver and Calvin Smith the bronze.
More than 20 years on, the tale nonetheless hadn't ended. In 1999 Lewis used to be named Sportsman of the Century via the IOC, and Olympian of the Century through activities Illustrated. but his acceptance was once broken via revelations that he too used performance-enhancing medicines, and confirmed optimistic ahead of the Seoul Olympics. Christie additionally demonstrated confident in Seoul yet his rationalization, that the banned substance have been in ginseng tea, used to be authorized. Smith, now a lecturer in English literature at a Florida college, was once the one athlete within the most sensible 5 whose recognition is still unblemished – the others all proven confident in the course of their careers.
Containing amazing new revelations, this booklet makes use of witness interviews - with Johnson, Lewis and Smith between others - to reconstruct the build-up to the race, the race itself, and the fallout while information of Johnson's optimistic try out broke and he used to be pressured into hiding. It additionally examines the contention of the 2 favourites going into it, and places the race in a historic context, analyzing its carrying on with relevance at the game this present day, the place each new list elicits scepticism.
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Additional info for The Dirtiest Race in History: Ben Johnson, Carl Lewis and the 1988 Olympic 100m Final
I tried friends. But finally I met him: in a shop on Oxford Street in London. It was a strange, though somehow fitting, encounter. A word about the title, too – the dirtiest race in history? I mean this in the broadest sense, referring not only to drugs, but also to varying degrees of skulduggery and corruption, and the enduring legacy of the Olympic 100m final in Seoul. There are those who take a more ambiguous, even ambivalent, view. It was the greatest race of all time, they say. And perhaps it was.
Wanna be Startin’ Somethin’ 7. The Prince and the Missing Paperwork Part Two: Rivals 8. Lewis 8, Johnson 1 9. Big Ben and King Carl Part Three: Seoul 10. Dodging 11. The Glasnost Games 12. Sweating it Out 13. The Human Bullet 14. Deny, Deny, Deny 15. The Mystery Man Epilogue: Different Era, Different Time Zone, Same Thing Where Are They Now? Statistics Interviews Acknowledgements Bibliography and Further Reading Footnotes By the Same Author The Quest This is a story mainly about four extraordinary men: Ben Johnson, Carl Lewis, Charlie Francis and Joe Douglas.
Crucial to Nike’s marketing had been their association with top sportsmen (they were all men): tennis star Ilie Nastase and distance runner Steve Prefontaine were the first. Distance running was their biggest market, which is why Nike’s first TV ad was shown during the New York Marathon. In the 1980s, apart from a blip when they underestimated the appeal of aerobics (that distinctly 1980s fad), Nike went from strength to strength. Arguably two sportsmen were fundamentally important to the rise of the brand and its signature ‘swoosh’: Michael Jordan, who was signed as an NBA rookie in 1985, and Carl Lewis.