The Olympic Games: A Social Science Perspective by K Toohey, Anthony J. Veal

By K Toohey, Anthony J. Veal

This 2d variation of a hugely winning ebook (published in 2000) presents a accomplished, serious research of the Olympic video games utilizing a multi-disciplinary social technological know-how method. This revised variation comprises a lot new facts in relation to the Sydney 2000 video games and their aftermath; and arrangements for Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008 video games. The publication is broad-ranging and autonomous in its insurance, and contains using medicinal drugs, intercourse trying out, accusations of strength abuse between participants of the IOC, the video games as a degree for political protest, media-related controversies, financial expenses and merits of the video games and old conflicts among organizers and host groups.

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These individuals 3. Revival of the Olympic Games 31 supposedly exhibited the positive qualities of both sport and religion. Many of the privileged classes who attended these institutions practised and preached this ethic even after they left school, spreading it throughout the British Empire. The notion of Muscular Christianity harked back to the Ancient Greek ideal of a ‘sound mind in a sound body’, with one major variation: essential to its core was the practice of Christianity, rather than worship of a pantheon of gods.

That their approach might not be made without ceremony, runners ran a stade away from the altis as though to invite the Greeks, and back to the same place as though to announce that ‘Hellas would be glad to come’. So much then concerning the origins of the two stade race. 3. Olympic events and their introduction to the Games Year No. of games Events introduced 776 BC 1 Stade 724 BC 14 Diaulos 720 BC 15 Dolichos 708 BC 18 Wrestling and pentathlon 688 BC 23 Boxing 680 BC 25 Chariot race for four horses 648 BC 33 Horse race and pankration 632 BC 37 Stade and wrestling for boys 628 BC 38 Pentathlon for boys (discontinued 628 BC) 616 BC 41 Boxing for boys 520 BC 65 Hoplite race 500 BC 70 Race for mule carts (discontinued 444 BC) 496 BC 71 Race for mares (discontinued 444 BC) 408 BC 93 Chariot race for two horses 396 BC 96 Contest for heralds and trumpeters 384 BC 99 Chariot race for four colts 268 BC 128 Chariot race for two colts 256 BC 131 Colt race 200 BC 145 Pankration for boys Adapted from Sweet, 1987: 6–7.

Thus, the sacrificial aspect of the marathon myth originates in this article (Martin and Gynn, 1979). Plutarch, another Roman and contemporary of Lucian, also notes a similar event, but his tale describes a run by Euchidas, from D elphi to Plataia in 479 BC (Sweet, 1987). Two other sources from antiquity, Pliny the Elder and Pausanias, both mention Phidippides’ run to Sparta, but neither mentions a run to Athens (Martin and Gynn, 1979). Consequently, the legend of Phidippides’ run to Athens from Marathon is not found in written sources until 600 years after the event was alleged to have occurred.

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