The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension: Eyetracking, by Manuel Carreiras

By Manuel Carreiras

This publication addresses vital findings, assumptions, difficulties, hopes, and destiny directions at the use of complex study recommendations to review the moment-by-moment psychological procedures that happen whereas a reader or listener is knowing language. The center thoughts are eye monitoring and ERPs, with a few extensions to others resembling fMRI. The online learn of Sentence Comprehension has been written by way of most sensible researchers within the box of psycholinguistics, who're additionally best specialists within the use of eye monitoring and ERPs. This e-book combines accomplished overviews of the cutting-edge on theoretical growth, the most recent on assumptions at the back of using eye activities (reading and visible international) and ERPs equipment with papers that deal with particular study questions. This paintings covers not just methodological concerns but in addition discusses the theoretical development in figuring out language processing utilizing temporally fine-grained tools.

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1998). Toward a model of eye movement control in reading. Psychological Review, 105(1), 125–156. Reichle, E. , & Rayner, K. (2003). The E-Z reader model of eye movement control in reading: Comparisons to other models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26, 445–526. , Friederici, A. , & Hahne, A. (1993). Event-related brain potentials while encountering semantic and syntactic constraint violations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 345–362. , & Posner, M. I. (1998). Establishing a time-line of word recognition: Evidence from eye movements and event-related potentials.

While many of the results obtained using these methods are still broadly accepted, some of the findings have been questioned on the basis of distortions that might have been introduced by the task itself. Some almost certainly fell into disuse because of uncertainty in their interpretation. In other cases, investigators moved on not so much because the methods could not be used to tackle interesting questions but because other, often simpler, methods became available. 5 ON-LINE METHODS THAT HAVE STOOD THE TEST OF TIME Next, we will consider methods that were first introduced 20 to 30 years ago and remain in regular use in current psycholinguistic work.

Hillyard, S. A. (1984). Brain potentials during reading reflect word expectancy and semantic association. Nature, 307, 161–163. , & Van Petten, C. , (1994). Psycholinguistics electrified: Event-related brain potential investigations. In M. A. ), Handbook of psycholinguistics (pp. 83–143). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. , Binder, K. , & Rayner, K. (1999). Activation of phonological codes during eye fixations in reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 25, 948–964.

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