By Senior Fellow Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (Cebaf) Governor's Distinguished Cebaf Professor John Dirk Walecka

This ebook is a revised and up-to-date model of the main accomplished textual content on nuclear and subnuclear physics, first released in 1995. It continues the unique objective of supplying a transparent, logical, in-depth, and unifying therapy of recent nuclear concept, starting from the nonrelativistic many-body challenge to the normal version of the powerful, electromagnetic, and susceptible interactions. moreover, new chapters at the theoretical and experimental advances made in nuclear and subnuclear physics long ago decade were incorporated.Four key themes are emphasised: simple nuclear constitution, the relativistic nuclear many-body challenge, strong-coupling QCD, and electroweak interactions with nuclei. New chapters were extra at the many-particle shell version, powerful box concept, density useful thought, heavy-ion reactions and quark-gluon plasma, neutrinos, and electron scattering.This booklet is designed to supply graduate scholars with a simple realizing of contemporary nuclear and hadronic physics had to discover the frontiers of the sector. Researchers will enjoy the updates on advancements and the bibliography.

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The wave function of this pair in nuclear matter is essentially the unperturbed value. Due to the relatively large k ~ this , nucleon-nucleon potential cannot easily excite pairs out of the Fermi sea; the fact that m*/m < 1 makes it even more difficult to do so. 4 Solution for a pure hard core potential Consider the Bethe-Goldstone (B-G) equation for a two-body potential that is an infinite barrier at T = a, and take P = 0 as the simplest example [Be57]. It is convenient in this case to first convert the B-G Eq.

The wave function inside such a potential in the free scattering problem contains 1/4 wavelength (Fig. 3) uin = Nsin ( ~ 2 / 2 d )= Nsin [(2predVo/h2)1/2z]. /-- ,' Ul" For bound slate at zero energy Fig. 3. The s-wave wave function in a square well potential with a bound state at zero energy. Here z = 1x1. 14) The effective range of a square well potential with a bound state at zero energy is given by TO = d (Prob. 8). 7 fm [Eq. S)] leads to VO= 14 MeV. 42 fm-l. 10). These eigenvalues are a problem only very close to the Fermi surface, and are unimportant when discussing the bulk properties of nuclear matter.

10). Experimentally, the nuclear potential is approximately a Serber force with a~ a w . We have proven the following theorem for such an interaction: x The independent-particle Fermi-gas model 24 A nonsingular Serber force with J V ( z ) d 3 z < 0 does not lead to nuclear saturation. 16) The required integrals have all been evaluated above and one finds This result is independent of X and p and is only a function of k2. It is sketched in Fig. 2. / I I k Fig. 2. Sketch of single-nucleon potential in nuclear matter with a nonsingular potential; for a Serber force aw = U M .