Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year by Bernard Fernandez

By Bernard Fernandez

Unravelling the secret of the Atomic Nucleus is a heritage of atomic and nuclear physics. It starts off in 1896 with the invention of radioactivity, which ends up in the invention of the nucleus on the middle of the atom. It follows the experimental discoveries and the theoretical advancements as much as the tip of the Fifties.

Unlike past books relating to on historical past of nuclear physics, this e-book methodically describes how advances in expertise enabled physicists to probe the actual houses of nuclei in addition to how the actual legislation which govern those microscopic platforms have been gradually chanced on. The reader will achieve a transparent knowing of the way concept is inextricably intertwined with the growth of expertise.

Unravelling the secret of the Atomic Nucleus should be of curiosity to physicists and to historians of physics, in addition to these improvement of science.

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Extra resources for Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year Journey 1896 — 1956

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The available energy, stored as potential energy would progressively dissipate, and this view would necessarily lead us to abandon the idea that atoms are invariable. The Puzzle Is Disentangled 27 The Puzzle Is Disentangled Rutherford shows that radioactivity is the transformation of an atom into another: the atom explodes while violently ejecting microscopic particles. Radioactivity draws its energy from within the atom, in an enormous quantity. In this new year of 1902, Rutherford and Soddy pursue their patient and obstinate study in their laboratory at McGill University.

Rutherford insists that it is an atomic phenomenon: All the most prominent workers in this subject are agreed in considering radioactivity an atomic phenomenon. M. and Mme Curie, the pioneers in the chemistry of the subject, have stated ( Comptes Rendus 1902, 134, 85) that this idea underlies their whole work from the beginning and created their method of research. Furthermore, the radiation consists of material particles and not of waves similar to electromagnetic waves or X-rays: M. Becquerel, the original discoverer of the property for uranium, [.

At the age of 15, he was granted a scholarship which enabled him to study at the Nelson College, which today, noblesse oblige, is called the Rutherford College. He excelled in English and French literature, history, Latin, mathematics, and rugby. Two years later, he obtained a scholarship from the University of New Zealand, which enabled him to enter the Canterbury College, in Christchurch. A. Sc. degree in 1894. That same year, he began to study magnetism and the detection of the recently discovered Hertzian waves.

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