Evaluating Research Efficiency in the U.S. Environmental by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Policy and Global Affairs, Engineering, and Public Policy Committee on Science, Committee on Evaluating the Efficiency of Research and Developme

A brand new ebook from the nationwide study Council that recommends adjustments in how the government evaluates the potency of analysis at EPA and different businesses. Assessing potency may be thought of just one a part of gauging a program's caliber, relevance, and effectiveness. The potency of study approaches and that of investments may be evaluated utilizing diverse techniques. funding potency should still study even if an agency's R&D portfolio, together with the price range, is proper, of top quality, fits the agency's strategic plan. those reviews require panels of experts.In distinction, strategy potency should still specialize in "inputs" (the humans, money, and amenities devoted to examine) and "outputs" (the companies, supplies, courses, tracking, and new recommendations produced by means of research), in addition to their timelines and may be evaluated utilizing quantitative measures. The committee recommends that the potency of EPA's study courses be evaluated based on an identical criteria used at different corporations. to make sure this, OMB may still teach and oversee its finances examiners in order that the half questionnaire is applied constantly and equitably throughout enterprises.

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14 Evaluating Research Efficiency in EPA with oversight bodies, and timing requirements of agencies varied widely (NRC 2001). THE RATIONALE AND FUNCTION OF THE PROGRAM ASSESSMENT RATING TOOL Although GPRA increased the information on the results and performance of federal agencies, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) wanted to improve the usefulness of the process and therefore developed the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART) in 2002. ” Performance budgeting seeks to design budgeting procedures that optimize efficiency and effectiveness, including the most effective mechanisms for allocating available resources and holding program managers accountable for results.

Strategic planning: 10% (8 questions). Program management: 20% (11 questions for R&D programs). Results and accountability: 50% (5 questions). As a default, individual questions within a category are assigned equal weighting that total 100% for each section. However, weighting may be altered to emphasize key factors of the program. In its 2004 budget statement, OMB wrote that the difficulty was most relevant to its preferred evaluation approach, which was to measure the outcomes8 of research (OMB 2004): “It is preferable to have outcome measures, but such measures are often not very practical to collect or use on an annual basis.

Workshops were organized by COSEPUP for the OMB in 2001-2002 on the R&D Investment Criteria, and in 2004 on the PART. 3 The five agencies are the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Health and Human Services (specifically, the National Institutes of Health), and the National Science Foundation. 14 Evaluating Research Efficiency in EPA with oversight bodies, and timing requirements of agencies varied widely (NRC 2001).

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