By Nancy Lyman Roelker
This e-book, the fruits of a lifelong profession in French historical past, tackles head-on the significant query of the French non secular Wars: Why did France turn out so continually opposed and immune to Protestantism? distinct pupil Nancy Lyman Roelker claims that what finally stimulated the eagerness and violence of the civil wars was once faith. She demonstrates that not just the physique politic but additionally the physique social was once outlined via Gallican Catholicism. Roelker underscores the function the Parlement performed in shaping and safeguarding the social, in addition to the political, order. Her learn relies on broad study within the correspondence, memoirs, and tracts of mainstream Catholic magistrates in addition to dissenters. It creates an outline of the mentalits of the Parlement, analyzes spiritual attitudes towards significant occasions of the interval, and examines the Parlement's function within the triumph of Henri IV. alongside the means, it sheds gentle at the internal workings of the Parlement and different political associations, on social constructions, and on collective principles. And above all, this distinct paintings brilliantly illuminates the position of faith in society and the nation. will probably be the definitive paintings at the topic for a few years to return.
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Extra info for One King, One Faith: The Parlement of Paris and the Religious Reformations of the Sixteenth Century (Centennial Book)
Arnauld was animé par un sentiment national intense, driven by the desire for a reunified France to resume a leading role in Europe. Amnesty for the crown's recent enemies, if French, and rapprochement of the old nobility and the robe were conditions required for unification. 60 In the "lifers" of Group C the reader will recognize the true heirs of the sixteenth-century mainstream, but whereas the earlier generations were perceived as "defenders of the ancient constitution," the later ones, in an era increasingly dominated by the crown, appeared obstructionist, antiquarian, or reactionaryand Parlement itself a backwater missed by the tide of history.
Parenthetical references in discussion below come from this significant (but unpublished) article. " Cummings's statistical tables show that in the seventeenth century the entering magistrates were younger, less experienced professionally and recruited from newer robe families than their predecessors. Even more significant, a sizable proportion of the most enterprising among them resigned after a period of five to eight years in order to assume high office in the royal administration. Justices of the sovereign courts had a virtual monopoly of access to the office of maître des requêtes and (subsequently) intendant; more than 50 percent were drawn from the Parlement of Paris itself.
Although there is no record of Guillaume's formal education, works written in his maturity show a thorough familiarity with antiquity. He may have been educated at home by tutors because his health was delicate. As a very young man he spent two or three years in the household of Alençon but found it uncongenial and returned to Paris, where he entered the circles of Turnèbe and premier président de Thou. At the age of twenty-seven he suffered the loss of his mother and his sister in close succession and began to write in a Stoic vein.