By Olivia Bosch, Peter van Ham
Followed in April 2004, UN defense Council solution 1540 obliges all states to take steps to avoid non-state actors, specially terrorist corporations and palms traffickers, from buying guns of mass destruction and comparable fabrics. This booklet presents an outline of the unconventional coverage questions UNSCR 1540's destiny implementation and enforcement will provide for future years.
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Additional resources for Global Non-Proliferation and Counter-Terrorism: The Impact of UNSCR 1540
UNSCR 1540 has not given rise so far to these types of enforcement challenge, which are mentioned here to place the Resolution in the wider context of national and international security issues. Yet in the context of the recent UN reforms, the processes by which UNSCRs 1373 and 1540 came about, the comprehensiveness of Resolution 1540’s coverage, and its universal and mandatory requirements place it in a new and as yet undefined category of measures under which states can no longer allow proscribed activities with impunity in and across their borders.
Based on a preliminary assessment of the data available, primarily from an examination of reports from countries in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and East Asia, there is good evidence to suggest that the UN process has made significant progress in criminalizing terrorist financing and improving the financial administrative capacity of member states to act against it. For analytical purposes, it is useful to distinguish between evidence of effectiveness at the global level and evidence of changes at the national level in assessing the UN’s various counter-terrorism efforts.
This is another example of policy innovation and the crucial role played by UN Security Council committee chairs, this time by the Chilean ambassador Heraldo Muñoz. The quality of the reporting to the 1267 Committee has generally been quite high, even if not as comprehensive as reporting to the Counter-Terrorism Committee. ” Small member states from the developing world with limited institutional capacity often have great difficulty in keeping up with the demands of successive rounds of reporting.