Hawai'i at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan Before the by Dr. Jon Thares Davidann

By Dr. Jon Thares Davidann

Hawai`i on the Crossroads tells the tale of Hawai`i's position within the emergence of jap cultural and political internationalism through the interwar interval. Following international warfare I, Japan grew to become a huge international energy and Hawai`i jap represented its greatest and most important emigrant staff. throughout the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties, Hawai`i's eastern American inhabitants supplied Japan with a welcome chance to extend its foreign and intercultural contacts. This quantity, in line with papers offered on the 2001 Crossroads convention by means of students from the united states, Japan, and Australia, explores U.S.-Japanese clash and cooperation in Hawai`i--truly the crossroads of kin among the 2 international locations ahead of the Pacific struggle. From the Eighteen Eighties to 1924, 180,000 jap emigrants arrived within the U.S. rather less than half these unique arrivals settled in Hawai`i; via 1900 they constituted the most important ethnic workforce within the Islands, making them of targeted curiosity to Tokyo. Even after its withdrawal from the League of countries in 1933, Japan seen Hawai`i as a mostly sympathetic and supportive best friend. via its influential foreign meetings, Hawai`i's Institute of Pacific family members carried out a application that used to be arguably the one casual diplomatic channel of outcome left to Japan following its withdrawal from the League. The Islands represented Japan's top chance to give an explanation for itself to the united states; the following American and jap diplomats, authentic and unofficial, may possibly paintings to unravel the growing to be stress among their nations. university alternate courses and sizeable exchange and company possibilities endured among Japan and Hawai`i correct up till December 1941. whereas hopes on either side of the Pacific have been shattered through the assault on Pearl Harbor, the Japan-Hawai`i connection underlying no longer some of them is still vital, informative, and notably compelling. Its additional exploration supplied the explanation for the Crossroads convention and the essays compiled the following.

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S. and British members opposed the idea. 67 Later in the same clause, which made colonial participation possible, it was also suggested that European colonial powers could join the IPR. ”68 Participants from these European powers and colonies were often former colonial officers. By the late 1920s, however, the practice of organizing subgroups from within national boundaries was weakening. National Councils were largely consolidated as a unified national body in most countries. IPR operations were dropping an alter- 30 Hawai‘i at the Crossroads native mode and increasingly conforming to and reinforcing a dominant nationstate framework.

Wallace Farrington, “Address of Welcome,” in IPR, 1925, 41–2. 36. , 44. 37. , 45. 38. Ibid. 39. Arthur Dean, “The Approach to Pacific Problems,” in IPR, 1925, 48. 40. , 49. 41. Dean remained central to the IPR and continued to propose a harmonious and beneficial trans-Pacific relationship at Honolulu even in the postwar period. Hooper, Elusive Destiny, 112–13. 42. Herbert Croly, “The Human Potential in Pacific Politics,” in John B. , Problems of the Pacific, 1927 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1928), 582–3.

93. Rōyama Masamichi, “Japan’s Position in Manchuria,” in Condliffe, Problems of the Pacific, 1929, 593. 94. 12 (1935): 80. 95. , Taiheiyō mondai: Dairokkai Taiheiyō kaigi hōkoku (Tokyo: Editor, 1937), 5–7. 96. Akami, Internationalizing the Pacific, 219–24. 97. , 228–39. 98. Sudō Shinji, Nichibei kaisen gaikō no kenkyū: Nichibei kōshō no hatten kara Haru nōto made (Tokyo: Keiō tsūshin, 1986), 185–86. 99. Akami, Internationalizing the Pacific, 65, 75, 78. 100. Haas discusses organizations that are specifically focused on the Pacific islands.

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