By David Commins
It is a definitive and authoritative account of the conservative interpretation of Islam that's the legit creed of the dominion of Saudi Arabia: Wahhabism. Muslim critics have pushed aside it as a heretical innovation that manipulated a backward humans to realize political keep watch over. David Commins dismisses the clichés, examines the character of Wahhabism, and provides unique findings as to how Wahhabism rose to dominance in Arabia and projected its effect within the Muslim international. He additionally assesses the demanding situations that it faces from radical militants in the nation.
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Additional resources for The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia
Nonetheless, the daunting logistical task of equipping and moving an army from Cairo to Arabia, then maintaining it among Islam Began as a Stranger and Will Return as a Stranger 33 a hostile population and finally mounting and sustaining sieges on fortified strongholds deep in Najd meant that Muhammad Ali’s first military adventure would take a full seven years. In August 1811, an Ottoman naval expedition seized the undefended Red Sea port of Yanbu, which served as a base for resupply and headquarters to regain the Holy Cities.
Under the canopy of expanding Saudi power, Wahhabism became the dominant religious doctrine in Najd. Converting the region was a gradual process with a deep impact on the ulama. When Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab settled in al-Dir’iyya, he sent epistles and copies of treatises to various Najdi towns in a campaign to persuade their ulama to embrace his call. This effort apparently had some effect, for when a settlement entered the Saudi fold, some of its ulama declared their allegiance. 69 In addition to fostering a new doctrinal orientation, the mission created a new focus of religious authority in the person of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, who transmitted his standing to his descendants.
In 1754, Sulayman sent an epistle warning against his brother’s deviations to be publicly recited in al-Uyayna’s mosques and meeting places. 49 It was because Sulayman had turned Huraymila into a centre of doctrinal opposition that Ibn Saud mustered forces for its definitive conquest the following year. When Huraymila fell in 1755, Sulayman wisely fled north to alZilfi since his brother had condemned him as an atheist and enemy of religion. Saudi sources do not mention him again until al-Zilfi’s subjugation in 1781.