By Mamadou Dia
Authors: Mamadou Dia
Publisher: global Bank
Keywords: indigenous, transpla, reconciling, Nineties, administration, africa
ISBN-10: 082133431X ISBN-13: 9780821334317
List fee: 22.00 USD
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Extra info for Africa's management in the 1990s and beyond: reconciling indigenous and transplanted institutions
3 percent, primarily because of improved collection. Nevertheless, although Ghana's enclave approach improved tax and customs management while building on local institutions and skills, it raises the issues of mainstreaming and sustainability. Even though hiving off strategic parts of the public administration and giving them full autonomy and special privileges produces results, it does not resolve the systemic institutional problems identified in Chapter 1. It also does not address the issue of accountabilityto ensure, for instance, that the drive to meet or exceed revenue targets and related reward systems will not lead to increased inequity in enforcement and to loss of morale among other civil servants who lack privileges and opportunities for increased pay.
I am also grateful for the comments from the members of the Steering/Technical Committee set up for this research programmore particularly, Dunstan Wai, Paati Ofosu-Amaah, William Steel, Mary Oakes Smith, Jasdip Singh, Ed Campos, Mark Schacter, Ben Varon, Alun Morris, Michael Cernea, Alberto de Capitani, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Albert Osei, and Robert Klitgaard. Valeriana Kallab provided editorial suggestions to the research team and edited evolving versions of the manuscript. Claudia Carter and Sylvie Lelievre kindly provided direct secretarial support and overall quality control of the final draft.
Inability to make consistent deposits over an extended period of time before realizing a financial benefit (credit access), a high monthly Page 13 savings requirement, and supplementary collateral requirements all contributed to the drop-off in savings participation over time. The BIAO's procedural guidelines, being dependent on regular savings and deposits, were unsustainable in the context of high inflation, low salaries, and a high cost of living. By making access to services hinge on investment shares, the Bank of Africa in Mali also generally failed.