By Alan L. Desmond
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Additional resources for Vestibular function: evaluation and treatment
This creates a sudden profound asymmetry in the two vestibular nuclei and leads to the above-mentioned signs and symptoms of sudden unilateral vestibular deafferentation (UVD). Cerebellar Clamp The CNS responds by reducing the resting level of the intact side (a process known as cerebellar clamp ) and gradually restores activity in the vestibular nucleus on the lesioned side. This process leads to tonic rebalancing and a reduction in static symptoms. Restoration of activity in the vestibular nucleus on the lesioned side should not be confused with restoration of response from the lesioned peripheral labyrinth.
Luxon, L. (1998). Prevalence and presentation of dizziness in a general practice community sample of working age people. Br J Gen Prac , 48 , 1131 Á/1135. Zee, D. (1985). Perspectives on the pharmocotherapy of vertigo. Arch Otolaryngol , 111 , 609 Á/612. 2 Function and Dysfunction of the Vestibular System Normal Function of the Vestibular System The primary role of the balance system is to allow humans to interact and maintain contact with their surroundings in a safe, efficient manner. As humans move through their environment, information is gathered through their visual, somatosensory, and vestibular senses and sent to the brain stem for integration and finally to the cortex for perception and processing (Fig.
Audiology diagnosis . ) matched to the opposite horizontal canal; the posterior canal is matched to the opposite anterior canal (Fig. 2 Á/5). The sensory cells within the semicircular canals (cristae ampullaris) are housed within the ampulla, which is a widening of the bony and membranous portion of each canal. Sitting atop the cristae ampullaris is a gelatinous membrane called the cupula (Fig. 2Á/6), which extends across the ampulla to close off the lumen of the canal. The cupula has been described as a thin sail-like structure or diaphragm that is exquisitely sensitive to motion.