Major Award Decisionmaking at the National Science by National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of

By National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Engineering/Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine National Academy of Sciences, Panel on NSF Decisionmaking for Major Awards

As a part of its project to foster top of the range medical and engineering examine, the nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) plans, can provide, and administers significant awards to universities and different study associations for nationwide examine amenities, multidisciplinary examine facilities, and different large-scale study tasks. even if few in quantity, below a hundred, such initiatives account for approximately 30 percentage of NSF's annual study funds. This e-book presents an invaluable evaluate of the way such tasks are deliberate, stories proposals for benefit, and evaluates ongoing tasks for renewal awards. The panel makes a sequence of strategies for strengthening significant award decision-making.

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The panel recommends stronger planning efforts that would help contribute to clearer criteria (Recommendation 1). The panel also recommends that NSF concentrate more effort in designing a better—understood review process for each major award (Recommendation 8). Primacy of Technical Merit Technical merit must be the primary consideration in making awards. The panel strongly supports the primacy of technical merit in the selection of major projects (Recommendation 3), and it endorses the use of a two-phase review process that would clearly indicate the Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. html MAJOR AWARDS AT NSF 24 Second, if proposals for the award are solicited, the NSB approves the solicitation notice, which describes in detail the selection criteria and review process for the particular award.

In a given fiscal year, NSF supports about 18,000 research awards. Annually about half are new awards chosen from among about 24,000 proposals (including renewals). The remainder are continuing awards in their second or later year. Most of the 18,000 awards are grants to individual researchers or small research groups. Some are very large awards for research centers, facilities, and other major projects. 4 Major awards constitute an even larger share of the budgets of certain NSF 3 In contrast, the mean annual size of all awards is less than $90,000.

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