Neurobiology of attention by Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees, John K. Tsotsos

By Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees, John K. Tsotsos

A key estate of neural processing in better mammals is the facility to concentration assets through selectively directing recognition to appropriate perceptions, strategies or activities. study into consciousness has grown quickly over the last 20 years, as new recommendations became to be had to check greater mind functionality in people, non-human primates, and different mammals. Neurobiology of Attention is the 1st encyclopedic quantity to summarize the most recent advancements in cognizance research.

An authoritative selection of over a hundred chapters geared up into thematic sections presents either large assurance and entry to targeted, up to date learn findings. This publication offers a state of the art multidisciplinary standpoint on mental, physiological and computational methods to knowing the neurobiology of realization. perfect for college kids, as a reference guide or for speedy searching, the ebook has a large attract anyone attracted to realization learn.

* includes a number of quick-reference articles masking the breadth of research into the topic of attention
* offers vast introductory remark to orient and advisor the reader
* comprises the newest examine ends up in this box of analysis

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1, this is true for long, but not short, postmasked exposures. In other words, the less time I. INTRODUCTION Attention has been likened to a spotlight, but does it really help us see better? Specifically, we address the controversy regarding whether we can better analyze one part of a scene when allowed to ignore others. There are at least three popular paradigms in which the ability to attend is systematically modified. Here we concentrate on two: visual search and spatial cuing. Concurrent tasks, which tap observers’ abilities to generate independent responses to multiple visual Neurobiology of Attention 8 Copyright 2005, Elsevier, Inc.

Solomon ABSTRACT targets, have also been used to assess attention’s effect on spatial discrimination. However, limited memory can produce failures of independence as easily as a sensory bottleneck. For that reason, we reserve the results from these dual-report experiments for another discussion. When observers are searching for a single target among multiple distracters, accuracy usually decreases with the number of distracters (the set-size effect). Set-size effects have been measured to seek evidence for a limit on the capacity for spatial discriminations.

Vision Res. 40, 1203–1215. Jonides, J. (1981). Voluntary vs. automatic control over the mind’s eye’s movement. In “Attention and Performance IX” ( J. B. Long and A. D. ), Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ. Keeble, D. R. , Kingdom, F. A. , et al. (1995). The detection of orientationally multimodal textures. Vision Res. 14, 1991–2005. Lu, Z. , and Dosher, B. A. (2000). Spatial attention: different mechanisms for central and peripheral temporal precues? J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 26, 1534–1548.

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