The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

The Wiley instruction manual at the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory provides a accomplished evaluate of the most recent, cutting–edge neuroscience examine being performed when it comes to the learn of human reminiscence and cognition.

-- gains the research of unique information utilizing innovative equipment in cognitive neuroscience research
-- provides a conceptually available dialogue of human reminiscence research
-- contains contributions from authors that characterize a who s who of human reminiscence neuroscientists from the U.S. and abroad
-- Supplemented with various first-class and obtainable diagrams to reinforce comprehension

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At this point it is useful to introduce the idea of an active neural representation. To illustrate, although Riggall and Postle (2012) contrasted signal intensity, a traditional index of “activation,” versus classifiability, it is important to note that successful classification also depended on evaluation of levels of activity within individual voxels. Thus, there is an important distinction to be made between signal‐intensity‐based activation, which can be construed as a first‐order physiological property,3 and a multivariate‐pattern‐based neural representation, a second‐order property (not just activity, but the pattern of activity) that is detectable with MVPA but not with univariate approaches.

Maguire and colleagues tested these theories by acquiring fMRI data while participants judged the accuracy of sen­ tences about four different types of information: autobiographical events, public events, autobiographical facts, and general knowledge. They then defined a memory retrieval network by comparing activity common to all four of these types of sentence against a scrambled sentence baseline condition. This network included medial frontal cortex, left temporal pole, left hippocampus, left anterolateral middle temporal gyrus, parahip­ pocampal cortex, posterior cingulate, retrosplenial cortex, and temporoparietal junction.

05, permutation test). Schematic icons of trial events are shown at the appropriate times along the x‐axis. Data are unshifted in time. R. (2012). The relation between working memory storage and elevated activity, as measured with fMRI. Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 12990–12998. © 2012. Reproduced with permission of the Society for Neuroscience. 28 Bradley R. Postle compatible findings. For example, Linden and colleagues (2012) have reported a failure with MVPA to recover delay‐period stimulus category information from frontal and parietal cortex, and Christophel, Hebart, and Haynes (2012) reported a failure to recover delay‐period information specific to complex artificial visual stimuli from frontal cortex.

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